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Proceedings Paper

NDT detection and quantification of induced defects on composite helicopter rotor blade and UAV wing sections
Author(s): Dirk Findeis; Jasson Gryzagoridis; Vincent Musonda
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Paper Abstract

Digital Shearography and Infrared Thermography (IRT) techniques were employed to test non-destructively samples from aircraft structures of composite material nature. Background information on the techniques is presented and it is noted that much of the inspection work reviewed in the literature has focused on qualitative evaluation of the defects rather than quantitative. There is however, need to quantify the defects if the threshold rejection criterion of whether the component inspected is fit for service has to be established. In this paper an attempt to quantify induced defects on a helicopter main rotor blade and Unmanned Aerospace Vehicle (UAV) composite material is presented. The fringe patterns exhibited by Digital Shearography were used to quantify the defects by relating the number of fringes created to the depth of the defect or flaw. Qualitative evaluation of defects with IRT was achieved through a hot spot temperature indication above the flaw on the surface of the material. The results of the work indicate that the Shearographic technique proved to be more sensitive than the IRT technique. It should be mentioned that there is "no set standard procedure" tailored for testing of composites. Each composite material tested is more likely to respond differently to defect detection and this depends generally on the component geometry and a suitable selection of the loading system to suit a particular test. The experimental procedure that is reported in this paper can be used as a basis for designing a testing or calibration procedure for defects detection on any particular composite material component or structure.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 October 2008
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 7155, Ninth International Symposium on Laser Metrology, 71551N (3 October 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.814560
Show Author Affiliations
Dirk Findeis, Univ. of Cape Town (South Africa)
Jasson Gryzagoridis, Univ. of Cape Town (South Africa)
Vincent Musonda, Univ. of Cape Town (South Africa)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7155:
Ninth International Symposium on Laser Metrology
Chenggen Quan; Anand Asundi, Editor(s)

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