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Proceedings Paper

A study on effect of point-of-use filters on defect reduction for advanced 193nm processes
Author(s): Nelson Vitorino; Elizabeth Wolfer; Yi Cao; DongKwan Lee; Aiwen Wu
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Paper Abstract

Bottom Anti-Reflective Coatings (BARCs) have been widely used in the lithography process for decades. BARCs play important roles in controlling reflections and therefore improving swing ratios, CD variations, reflective notching, and standing waves. The implementation of BARC processes in 193nm dry and immersion lithography has been accompanied by defect reduction challenges on fine patterns. Point-of-Use filters are well known among the most critical components on a track tool ensuring low wafer defects by providing particle-free coatings on wafers. The filters must have very good particle retention to remove defect-causing particulate and gels while not altering the delicate chemical formulation of photochemical materials. This paper describes a comparative study of the efficiency and performance of various Point-of-Use filters in reducing defects observed in BARC materials. Multiple filter types with a variety of pore sizes, membrane materials, and filter designs were installed on an Entegris Intelligent(R) Mini dispense pump which is integrated in the coating module of a clean track. An AZ(R) 193nm organic BARC material was spin-coated on wafers through various filter media. Lithographic performance of filtered BARCs was examined and wafer defect analysis was performed. By this study, the effect of filter properties on BARC process related defects can be learned and optimum filter media and design can be selected for BARC material to yield the lowest defects on a coated wafer.

Paper Details

Date Published: 23 March 2009
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 7272, Metrology, Inspection, and Process Control for Microlithography XXIII, 72723M (23 March 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.814152
Show Author Affiliations
Nelson Vitorino, AZ Electronic Materials USA Corp. (United States)
Elizabeth Wolfer, AZ Electronic Materials USA Corp. (United States)
Yi Cao, AZ Electronic Materials USA Corp. (United States)
DongKwan Lee, AZ Electronic Materials USA Corp. (United States)
Aiwen Wu, Entegris, Inc. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7272:
Metrology, Inspection, and Process Control for Microlithography XXIII
John A. Allgair; Christopher J. Raymond, Editor(s)

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