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Proceedings Paper

A partial least square regression method to quantitatively retrieve soil salinity using hyper-spectral reflectance data
Author(s): Yonghua Qu; Siong Jiao; Xudong Lin
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Paper Abstract

Hetao Irrigation District located in Inner Mongolia, is one of the three largest irrigated area in China. In the irrigational agriculture region, for the reasons that many efforts have been put on irrigation rather than on drainage, as a result much sedimentary salt that usually is solved in water has been deposited in surface soil. So there has arisen a problem in such irrigation district that soil salinity has become a chief fact which causes land degrading. Remote sensing technology is an efficiency way to map the salinity in regional scale. In the principle of remote sensing, soil spectrum is one of the most important indications which can be used to reflect the status of soil salinity. In the past decades, many efforts have been made to reveal the spectrum characteristics of the salinized soil, such as the traditional statistic regression method. But it also has been found that when the hyper-spectral reflectance data are considered, the traditional regression method can't be treat the large dimension data, because the hyper-spectral data usually have too higher spectral band number. In this paper, a partial least squares regression (PLSR) model was established based on the statistical analysis on the soil salinity and the reflectance of hyper-spectral. Dataset were collect through the field soil samples were collected in the region of Hetao irrigation from the end of July to the beginning of August. The independent validation using data which are not included in the calibration model reveals that the proposed model can predicate the main soil components such as the content of total ions(S%), PH with higher determination coefficients(R2) of 0.728 and 0.715 respectively. And the rate of prediction to deviation(RPD) of the above predicted value are larger than 1.6, which indicates that the calibrated PLSR model can be used as a tool to retrieve soil salinity with accurate results. When the PLSR model's regression coefficients were aggregated according to the wavelength of visual (blue, green, red) and near infrared bands of LandSat Thematic Mapper(TM) sensor, some significant response values were observed, which indicates that the proposed method in this paper can be used to analysis the remotely sensed data from the space-boarded platform.

Paper Details

Date Published: 7 November 2008
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 7147, Geoinformatics 2008 and Joint Conference on GIS and Built Environment: Classification of Remote Sensing Images, 71471H (7 November 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.813254
Show Author Affiliations
Yonghua Qu, Beijing Normal Univ. (China)
Siong Jiao, Beijing Vocational and Technical Institute of Industry (China)
Xudong Lin, Beijing Normal Univ. (China)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7147:
Geoinformatics 2008 and Joint Conference on GIS and Built Environment: Classification of Remote Sensing Images
Lin Liu; Xia Li; Kai Liu; Xinchang Zhang, Editor(s)

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