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Proceedings Paper

Effect of land use change on storm runoff simulation using a simple distributed hydrological model
Author(s): Xianghu Li; Liliang Ren; Bang Yang
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Paper Abstract

Land-use change is the most remarkable symbol of the earth landscape evolution, also one of the main factors which accelerate regional and even global change. The impact of land-use change on storm runoff is a hot topic in hydrologic research and is often assessed by hydrological model through designed land-use scenarios. In this study, a simple distributed hydrological model is introduced and improved to make model scheme more close to the practical processes and integrate with more remote sensing data. The improved model is tested with six representative and isolated storm events and gained a good performance. All the relative errors of storm runoff depth are less than 18% and the peak discharge errors are within 20%. Although the flood peak of all storm take place one or two hours in advance, but the Nash efficiency are approving, not less than 81%. The investigation of land-use change effect through 4 designed landuse scenarios reveal that land cover with forest corresponds to large interception and woody savanna corresponds to small interception. The croplands have almost the same interception as in actual land-use. Runoff depth decreases in forest land and increases in woody savannas and croplands. Peak discharges have the same variation as runoff depth. Croplands make peak discharge increase more than 20%, at the same time, return period of flood become shorten. However, the time to flood peak are changeless in every land-use scenarios due to the small study area probably.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 November 2008
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 7143, Geoinformatics 2008 and Joint Conference on GIS and Built Environment: Geo-Simulation and Virtual GIS Environments, 714312 (3 November 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.812562
Show Author Affiliations
Xianghu Li, Hohai Univ. (China)
Liliang Ren, Hohai Univ. (China)
Bang Yang, Hohai Univ. (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7143:
Geoinformatics 2008 and Joint Conference on GIS and Built Environment: Geo-Simulation and Virtual GIS Environments
Lin Liu; Xia Li; Kai Liu; Xinchang Zhang; Aijun Chen, Editor(s)

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