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Proceedings Paper

Prior-image-based few-view cone beam CT for applications to daily scan in image-guided radiation therapy: preliminary study
Author(s): Seungryong Cho; Erik Pearson; Emil Y. Sidky; Junguo Bian; Charles A. Pelizzari; Xiaochuan Pan
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Paper Abstract

Interfraction motion of a treatment target such as the prostate in radiation therapy (RT) is, in part, responsible for large planning target volume (PTV) margins and related side effects. Online adjustment of the treatment based on timely cone-beam CT (CBCT) images can be particularly useful for patients with large interfraction motion. However, radiation dose to the patient due to frequent CBCT poses a radiation safety concern. One unique feature of CBCT for interfraction motion detection is the availability of a prior anatomical image most of which has not changed. We propose an iterative algorithm, for image reconstruction from a very limited number of projections in CBCT, that is based on total variation (TV) minimization subject to the constraints of data fidelity and positivity and that utilizes anatomical image prior information. Numerical studies for a 2D fan-beam geometry suggests the proposed algorithm can potentially contribute to lowering the radiation dose to the patient by allowing satisfactory image reconstruction from a very limited number of projections.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 March 2009
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 7258, Medical Imaging 2009: Physics of Medical Imaging, 72581U (13 March 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.811345
Show Author Affiliations
Seungryong Cho, The Univ. of Chicago (United States)
Erik Pearson, The Univ. of Chicago (United States)
Emil Y. Sidky, The Univ. of Chicago (United States)
Junguo Bian, The Univ. of Chicago (United States)
Charles A. Pelizzari, The Univ. of Chicago (United States)
Xiaochuan Pan, The Univ. of Chicago (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7258:
Medical Imaging 2009: Physics of Medical Imaging
Ehsan Samei; Jiang Hsieh, Editor(s)

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