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Proceedings Paper

Backward scattering effect of aligned carbon nanotube arrays
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Paper Abstract

In terms of operational bandwidth and speed, photonic components are superior to electronic ones. However, it is difficult to control photons on nanoscale structures for data processing and interconnection. Nanophotonic device using surface plasmon (SP) offers an ideal solution to combine the superior technical advantages of both photonics and electronics on the same chip. The SP wavelength is much shorter than that of the exciting light, allowing the use of SP in various techniques that overcome diffraction limits. In this paper, we report an interesting plasmonic effect, enhanced backward scattering, by using a periodically-aligned carbon nanotube (CNT) array. The CNTs are grown on a transparent glass substrate with an average diameter of 50 nm and a length of about 1 μm. To enhance the conductivity, the CNTs are also coated with 10-nm Au layer by using E-beam CVD technique. By shining a laser beam to the CNT array, we found that the scattering intensity is maximally enhanced at the backward incident direction. The enhanced backward incident scattering is observed by using both periodic and nonperiodic CNT samples. The experimental results suggest that the backward scattering effect is due to the SP excitation and coupling. The proposed technique exploiting aligned carbon-nanotube arrays to manipulate surface plasmon will lead to useful optical features such as optical antennae effects, retro-reflection, switching, wavelength add/drop multiplexing, and may be particularly useful for optical sensing, smart target identification and optical wireless secure communication applications.

Paper Details

Date Published: 16 February 2009
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 7223, Photonic and Phononic Crystal Materials and Devices IX, 72231A (16 February 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.810502
Show Author Affiliations
Pengfei Wu, New Span Opto-Technology Inc. (United States)
Zhifeng Ren, Boston College (United States)
Michael R. Wang, New Span Opto-Technology Inc. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7223:
Photonic and Phononic Crystal Materials and Devices IX
Ali Adibi; Shawn-Yu Lin; Axel Scherer, Editor(s)

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