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Proceedings Paper

Improved predictive modeling of white LEDs with accurate luminescence simulation and practical inputs with TracePro opto-mechanical design software
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Paper Abstract

The use of white LEDs for solid-state lighting to address applications in the automotive, architectural and general illumination markets is just emerging. LEDs promise greater energy efficiency and lower maintenance costs. However, there is a significant amount of design and cost optimization to be done while companies continue to improve semiconductor manufacturing processes and begin to apply more efficient and better color rendering luminescent materials such as phosphor and quantum dot nanomaterials. In the last decade, accurate and predictive opto-mechanical software modeling has enabled adherence to performance, consistency, cost, and aesthetic criteria without the cost and time associated with iterative hardware prototyping. More sophisticated models that include simulation of optical phenomenon, such as luminescence, promise to yield designs that are more predictive - giving design engineers and materials scientists more control over the design process to quickly reach optimum performance, manufacturability, and cost criteria. A design case study is presented where first, a phosphor formulation and excitation source are optimized for a white light. The phosphor formulation, the excitation source and other LED components are optically and mechanically modeled and ray traced. Finally, its performance is analyzed. A blue LED source is characterized by its relative spectral power distribution and angular intensity distribution. YAG:Ce phosphor is characterized by relative absorption, excitation and emission spectra, quantum efficiency and bulk absorption coefficient. Bulk scatter properties are characterized by wavelength dependent scatter coefficients, anisotropy and bulk absorption coefficient.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 February 2009
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 7231, Light-Emitting Diodes: Materials, Devices, and Applications for Solid State Lighting XIII, 723111 (3 February 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.810417
Show Author Affiliations
Chao-hsi Tsao, Lambda Research Corp. (United States)
Edward R. Freniere, Lambda Research Corp. (United States)
Linda Smith, Ceres (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7231:
Light-Emitting Diodes: Materials, Devices, and Applications for Solid State Lighting XIII
Klaus P. Streubel; Heonsu Jeon; Li-Wei Tu, Editor(s)

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