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Proceedings Paper

Osteoarthritis screening using Raman spectroscopy of dried human synovial fluid drops
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Paper Abstract

We describe the use of Raman spectroscopy to investigate synovial fluid drops deposited onto fused silica microscope slides. This spectral information can be used to identify chemical changes in synovial fluid associated with osteoarthritis (OA) damage to knee joints. The chemical composition of synovial fluid is predominately proteins (enzymes, cytokines, or collagen fragments), glycosaminoglycans, and a mixture of minor components such as inorganic phosphate crystals. During osteoarthritis, the chemical, viscoelastic and biological properties of synovial fluid are altered. A pilot study was conducted to determine if Raman spectra of synovial fluid correlated with radiological scoring of knee joint damage. After informed consent, synovial fluid was drawn and x-rays were collected from the knee joints of 40 patients. Raman spectra and microscope images were obtained from the dried synovial fluid drops using a Raman microprobe and indicate a coarse separation of synovial fluid components. Individual protein signatures could not be identified; Raman spectra were useful as a general marker of overall protein content and secondary structure. Band intensity ratios used to describe protein and glycosaminoglycan structure were used in synovial fluid spectra. Band intensity ratios of Raman spectra indicate that there is less ordered protein secondary structure in synovial fluid from the damage group. Combination of drop deposition with Raman spectroscopy is a powerful approach to examining synovial fluid for the purposes of assessing osteoarthritis damage.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 February 2009
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 7166, Optics in Bone Biology and Diagnostics, 71660J (18 February 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.810057
Show Author Affiliations
Karen A. Esmonde-White, Univ. of Michigan (United States)
Gurjit S. Mandair, Univ. of Michigan (United States)
Francis W. L. Esmonde-White, Univ. of Michigan (United States)
Farhang Raaii, Univ. of Michigan (United States)
Blake J. Roessler, Univ. of Michigan (United States)
Michael D. Morris, Univ. of Michigan (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7166:
Optics in Bone Biology and Diagnostics
Andreas Mandelis, Editor(s)

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