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Proceedings Paper

Calibration of redox scanning for tissue samples
Author(s): He N. Xu; Baohua Wu; Shoko Nioka; Britton Chance; Lin Z. Li
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Paper Abstract

The fluorescence properties of reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) and oxidized flavoproteins (Fp) such as flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) in the respiratory chain are sensitive indicators of intracellular redox states and have been applied to the studies of mitochondrial function with energy-linked processes. The redox scanner, a threedimensional (3D) redox cryo-imager previously developed by Chance et al., can quantitatively determine the metabolic properties of tissue samples by acquiring the fluorescence images of NADH and Fp. The redox ratios, i.e., Fp/(Fp+NADH) and NADH/(Fp+NADH), obtained on the basis of relative signal intensity ratios, provide a sensitive index of steady-state of the mitochondrial metabolism that has been determined for a variety of biological tissues. This paper presents the further development of the instrument by establishing a calibration method to quantify the concentration of the fluorophores and facilitate the comparison of redox images obtained at different time or with different instrument functions. Calibration curves of both NADH and Fp have been obtained using snap-frozen standard references with NADH concentration ranging from 150-1400 μM and Fp from 80-720 μM. Snap-freeze tissue samples such as human breast tumors xenografted in mice, normal mouse pancreases and spleens were imaged. The NADH and Fp concentrations as well as the redox ratios in the tissue samples were quantified based on the adjacent solution standards of NADH and Fp. The obtained multi-slice redox images revealed high heterogeneity of the tissue samples which can be quantitatively interpreted.

Paper Details

Date Published: 23 February 2009
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 7174, Optical Tomography and Spectroscopy of Tissue VIII, 71742F (23 February 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.809778
Show Author Affiliations
He N. Xu, The Univ. of Pennsylvania (United States)
Baohua Wu, The Univ. of Pennsylvania (United States)
Shoko Nioka, The Univ. of Pennsylvania (United States)
Britton Chance, The Univ. of Pennsylvania (United States)
Lin Z. Li, The Univ. of Pennsylvania (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7174:
Optical Tomography and Spectroscopy of Tissue VIII
Bruce J. Tromberg; Arjun G. Yodh; Mamoru Tamura; Eva M. Sevick-Muraca; Robert R. Alfano, Editor(s)

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