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Proceedings Paper

Superresolution imaging in live Caulobacter crescentus cells using photoswitchable enhanced yellow fluorescent protein
Author(s): Julie S. Biteen; Michael A. Thompson; Nicole K. Tselentis; Lucy Shapiro; W. E. Moerner
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Paper Abstract

Recently, photoactivation and photoswitching were used to control single-molecule fluorescent labels and produce images of cellular structures beyond the optical diffraction limit (e.g., PALM, FPALM, and STORM). While previous live-cell studies relied on sophisticated photoactivatable fluorescent proteins, we show in the present work that superresolution imaging can be performed with fusions to the commonly used fluorescent protein EYFP. Rather than being photoactivated, however, EYFP can be reactivated with violet light after apparent photobleaching. In each cycle after initial imaging, only a sparse subset fluorophores is reactivated and localized, and the final image is then generated from the measured single-molecule positions. Because these methods are based on the imaging nanometer-sized single-molecule emitters and on the use of an active control mechanism to produce sparse sub-ensembles, we suggest the phrase "Single-Molecule Active-Control Microscopy" (SMACM) as an inclusive term for this general imaging strategy. In this paper, we address limitations arising from physiologically imposed upper boundaries on the fluorophore concentration by employing dark time-lapse periods to allow single-molecule motions to fill in filamentous structures, increasing the effective labeling concentration while localizing each emitter at most once per resolution-limited spot. We image cell-cycle-dependent superstructures of the bacterial actin protein MreB in live Caulobacter crescentus cells with sub-40-nm resolution for the first time. Furthermore, we quantify the reactivation quantum yield of EYFP, and find this to be 1.6 x 10-6, on par with conventional photoswitchable fluorescent proteins like Dronpa. These studies show that EYFP is a useful emitter for in vivo superresolution imaging of intracellular structures in bacterial cells.

Paper Details

Date Published: 24 February 2009
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 7185, Single Molecule Spectroscopy and Imaging II, 71850I (24 February 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.809080
Show Author Affiliations
Julie S. Biteen, Stanford Univ. (United States)
Michael A. Thompson, Stanford Univ. (United States)
Nicole K. Tselentis, Stanford Univ. (United States)
Lucy Shapiro, Stanford Univ. (United States)
W. E. Moerner, Stanford Univ. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7185:
Single Molecule Spectroscopy and Imaging II
Jörg Enderlein; Zygmunt Karol Gryczynski; Rainer Erdmann, Editor(s)

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