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Proceedings Paper

In vivo optical imaging of dihydroethidium oxidation in the mouse brain employing fluorescence intensity and lifetime contrast
Author(s): David J. Hall; Sung-Ho Han; Laura Dugan
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Paper Abstract

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are believed to be involved in many diseases and injuries to the brain, but the molecular processes are not well understood due to a lack of in vivo imaging techniques to evaluate ROS. The fluorescent oxidation products of dihydroethidium (DHE) can monitor ROS production in vivo. Here we demonstrate the novel optical imaging of brain in live mice to measure ROS production via generation of fluorescent DHE oxidation products (ox-DHE) by ROS. We show that in Sod2+/- mice, which have partial loss of a key antioxidant enzyme, superoxide dismutase-2, that ox-DHE fluorescence intensity was significantly higher than in hSOD1 mice, which have four-fold overexpression of superoxide dismutase-1 activity, which had almost no ox-DHE fluorescence, confirming specificity of ox-DHE to ROS production. The DHE oxidation products were also confirmed by detecting a characteristic fluorescence lifetime of the oxidation product, which was validated with ex vivo measurements.

Paper Details

Date Published: 20 February 2009
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 7190, Reporters, Markers, Dyes, Nanoparticles, and Molecular Probes for Biomedical Applications, 71900W (20 February 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.808598
Show Author Affiliations
David J. Hall, Univ. of California, San Diego (United States)
Sung-Ho Han, Univ. of California, San Diego (United States)
Laura Dugan, Univ. of California, San Diego (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7190:
Reporters, Markers, Dyes, Nanoparticles, and Molecular Probes for Biomedical Applications
Samuel Achilefu; Ramesh Raghavachari, Editor(s)

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