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Proceedings Paper

Sequential en-face optical coherence tomography imaging and monitoring of Drosophila Melanogaster larval heart
Author(s): A. Bradu; Lisha Ma; J. Bloor; A. GH. Podoleanu
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Paper Abstract

This article demonstrates two modalities to acquire information on cardiac function in larval Drosophila Melanogaster: in-vivo imaging and heartbeat monitoring. To achieve these goals a dedicated imaging instrument able to provide simultaneous en-face Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) and Laser Scanning Confocal Microscopy (LSCM) images has been developed. With this dual imaging system, the heart can easily be located and visualised within the specimen and the change of the heart shape in a cardiac cycle monitored. The system can easily be switched to a stethoscopic regime, simply by interrupting the scanning of the light beam across the sample, after selecting the point of interest in the imaging regime. Here we have used targeted gene expression to knockdown the myospheroid (mys) gene in the larval heart using a specific RNAi construct. By knocking down a β integrin subunit encoded by mys we have recorded an enlarged heart chamber in both diastolic and systolic states. Also, the fraction of reduction of the chamber diameter was smaller in the knockdown heart. These phenotypic differences indicate that impaired cardiac contractility occurs in the heart where the integrin gene express level is reduced. As far as we are aware, this is for the first time when it is shown in Drosophila that integrins have a direct relationship to a dilated heart defect, and conseqThis article demonstrates two modalities to acquire information on cardiac function in larval Drosophila Melanogaster: in-vivo imaging and heartbeat monitoring. To achieve these goals a dedicated imaging instrument able to provide simultaneous en-face Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) and Laser Scanning Confocal Microscopy (LSCM) images has been developed. With this dual imaging system, the heart can easily be located and visualised within the specimen and the change of the heart shape in a cardiac cycle monitored. The system can easily be switched to a stethoscopic regime, simply by interrupting the scanning of the light beam across the sample, after selecting the point of interest in the imaging regime. Here we have used targeted gene expression to knockdown the myospheroid (mys) gene in the larval heart using a specific RNAi construct. By knocking down a β integrin subunit encoded by mys we have recorded an enlarged heart chamber in both diastolic and systolic states. Also, the fraction of reduction of the chamber diameter was smaller in the knockdown heart. These phenotypic differences indicate that impaired cardiac contractility occurs in the heart where the integrin gene express level is reduced. As far as we are aware, this is for the first time when it is shown in Drosophila that integrins have a direct relationship to a dilated heart defect, and consequently we demonstrate the utility of Drosophila as model for the study of vertebrate heart disease. By monitoring the heartbeat we also demonstrated a reduction of the heart rate in Tropomyosin mutant compared to the wild type larva.uently we demonstrate the utility of Drosophila as model for the study of vertebrate heart disease. By monitoring the heartbeat we also demonstrated a reduction of the heart rate in Tropomyosin mutant compared to the wild type larva.

Paper Details

Date Published: 20 February 2009
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 7168, Optical Coherence Tomography and Coherence Domain Optical Methods in Biomedicine XIII, 71680G (20 February 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.808159
Show Author Affiliations
A. Bradu, Univ. of Kent (United Kingdom)
Lisha Ma, Univ. of Kent (United Kingdom)
J. Bloor, Univ. of Kent (United Kingdom)
A. GH. Podoleanu, Univ. of Kent (United Kingdom)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7168:
Optical Coherence Tomography and Coherence Domain Optical Methods in Biomedicine XIII
James G. Fujimoto; Joseph A. Izatt; Valery V. Tuchin, Editor(s)

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