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Proceedings Paper

Programmable matched filter and Hadamard transform hyperspectral imagers based on micromirror arrays
Author(s): Steven P. Love
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Paper Abstract

Hyperspectral imaging (HSI), in which each pixel contains a high-resolution spectrum, is a powerful technique that can remotely detect, identify, and quantify a multitude of materials and chemicals. The advent of addressable micro-mirror arrays (MMAs) makes possible a new class of programmable hyperspectral imagers that can perform key spectral processing functions directly in the optical hardware, thus alleviating some of HSI's high computational overhead, as well as offering improved signal-to-noise in certain important regimes (e.g. when using uncooled infrared detectors). We have built and demonstrated a prototype UV-Visible micro-mirror hyperspectral imager that is capable not only of matched-filter imaging, but also of full hyperspectral imagery via the Hadamard transform technique. With this instrument, one can upload a chemical-specific spectral matched filter directly to the MMA, producing an image showing the location of that chemical without further processing. Target chemicals are changeable nearly instantaneously simply by uploading new matched-filter patterns to the MMA. Alternatively, the MMA can implement Hadamard mask functions, yielding a full-spectrum hyperspectral image upon inverting the transform. In either case, the instrument can produce the 2D spatial image either by an internal scan, using the MMA itself, or with a traditional external push-broom scan. The various modes of operation are selectable simply by varying the software driving the MMA. Here the design and performance of the prototype is discussed, along with experimental results confirming the signal-to-noise improvement produced by the Hadamard technique in the noisy-detector regime.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 February 2009
PDF: 15 pages
Proc. SPIE 7210, Emerging Digital Micromirror Device Based Systems and Applications, 721007 (14 February 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.808060
Show Author Affiliations
Steven P. Love, Los Alamos National National Lab. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7210:
Emerging Digital Micromirror Device Based Systems and Applications
Larry J. Hornbeck; Michael R. Douglass, Editor(s)

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