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Proceedings Paper

On-line tool breakage monitoring of vibration tapping using spindle motor current
Author(s): Guangjun Li; Huimin Lu; Gang Liu
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Paper Abstract

Input current of driving motor has been employed successfully as monitoring the cutting state in manufacturing processes for more than a decade. In vibration tapping, however, the method of on-line monitoring motor electric current has not been reported. In this paper, a tap failure prediction method is proposed to monitor the vibration tapping process using the electrical current signal of the spindle motor. The process of vibration tapping is firstly described. Then the relationship between the torque of vibration tapping and the electric current of motor is investigated by theoretic deducing and experimental measurement. According to those results, a monitoring method of tool's breakage is proposed through monitoring the ratio of the current amplitudes during adjacent vibration tapping periods. Finally, a low frequency vibration tapping system with motor current monitoring is built up using a servo motor B-106B and its driver CR06. The proposed method has been demonstrated with experiment data of vibration tapping in titanic alloys. The result of experiments shows that the method, which can avoid the tool breakage and giving a few error alarms when the threshold of amplitude ratio is 1.2 and there is at least 2 times overrun among 50 adjacent periods, is feasible for tool breakage monitoring in the process of vibration tapping small thread holes.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 October 2008
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 7129, Seventh International Symposium on Instrumentation and Control Technology: Optoelectronic Technology and Instruments, Control Theory and Automation, and Space Exploration, 71291R (13 October 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.807508
Show Author Affiliations
Guangjun Li, Beijing Univ. of Aeronautics and Astronautics (China)
Huimin Lu, Beijing Univ. of Aeronautics and Astronautics (China)
Gang Liu, Beijing Univ. of Aeronautics and Astronautics (China)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7129:
Seventh International Symposium on Instrumentation and Control Technology: Optoelectronic Technology and Instruments, Control Theory and Automation, and Space Exploration

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