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Proceedings Paper

Research on fast algorithm of small UAV navigation in non-linear matrix reductionism method
Author(s): Xiao Zhang; Jiancheng Fang; Wei Sheng; Juanjuan Cao
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Paper Abstract

The low Reynolds numbers of small UAV will result in unfavorable aerodynamic conditions to support controlled flight. And as operated near ground, the small UAV will be affected seriously by low-frequency interference caused by atmospheric disturbance. Therefore, the GNC system needs high frequency of attitude estimation and control to realize the steady of the UAV. In company with the dimensional of small UAV dwindling away, its GNC system is more and more taken embedded designing technology to reach the purpose of compactness, light weight and low power consumption. At the same time, the operational capability of GNC system also gets limit in a certain extent. Therefore, a kind of high speed navigation algorithm design becomes the imminence demand of GNC system. Aiming at such requirement, a kind of non-linearity matrix reduction approach is adopted in this paper to create a new high speed navigation algorithm which holds the radius of meridian circle and prime vertical circle as constant and linearizes the position matrix calculation formulae of navigation equation. Compared with normal navigation algorithm, this high speed navigation algorithm decreases 17.3% operand. Within small UAV"s mission radius (20km), the accuracy of position error is less than 0.13m. The results of semi-physical experiments and small UAV's auto pilot testing proved that this algorithm can realize high frequency attitude estimation and control. It will avoid low-frequency interference caused by atmospheric disturbance properly.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 October 2008
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 7128, Seventh International Symposium on Instrumentation and Control Technology: Measurement Theory and Systems and Aeronautical Equipment, 71282L (13 October 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.807135
Show Author Affiliations
Xiao Zhang, Beijing Univ. of Aeronautics and Astronautics (China)
Jiancheng Fang, Beijing Univ. of Aeronautics and Astronautics (China)
Wei Sheng, Beijing Univ. of Aeronautics and Astronautics (China)
Juanjuan Cao, Beijing Univ. of Aeronautics and Astronautics (China)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7128:
Seventh International Symposium on Instrumentation and Control Technology: Measurement Theory and Systems and Aeronautical Equipment

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