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Proceedings Paper

Expectation maximization decoding of Tardos probabilistic fingerprinting code
Author(s): Ana Charpentier; Fuchun Xie; Caroline Fontaine; Teddy Furon
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Paper Abstract

This paper presents our recent works on multimedia fingerprinting, which consists in improving both the fingerprinting code and the watermarking scheme. The fingerprinting code is the well known Tardos code. Our contributions only focus on deriving a better accusation process. It appears that Tardos orginal decoding is very conservative: its performances are guaranteed whatever the collusion strategy. Indeed, major improvements stems from the knowledge of the collusion strategy. Therefore, this paper investigates whether it is possible to learn and adapt to the collusion strategy. This done with an iterative algorithm a la EM, where a better estimation of their strategy yields a better tracing of the colluders, which in return yields a better estimation of their strategy etc. The second part focuses on the multimedia watermarking scheme. In a previous paper, we already used the `Broken Arrows' technique as the watermarking layer for multimedia fingerprinting. However, a recent paper from A. Westfeld discloses a flaw in this technique. We just present a counter-measure which blocks this security hole while preserving the robustness of the original technique.

Paper Details

Date Published: 4 February 2009
PDF: 15 pages
Proc. SPIE 7254, Media Forensics and Security, 72540E (4 February 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.806034
Show Author Affiliations
Ana Charpentier, IRISA/INRIA Rennes Research Ctr. (France)
Fuchun Xie, IRISA/INRIA Rennes Research Ctr. (France)
Caroline Fontaine, CNRS, IRISA/INRIA Rennes Research Ctr. (France)
Teddy Furon, Thomson Security Lab. (France)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7254:
Media Forensics and Security
Edward J. Delp; Jana Dittmann; Nasir D. Memon; Ping Wah Wong, Editor(s)

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