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Proceedings Paper

Measuring visual discomfort associated with 3D displays
Author(s): M. Lambooij; M. Fortuin; W. A. Ijsselsteijn; I. Heynderickx
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Paper Abstract

Some people report visual discomfort when watching 3D displays. For both the objective measurement of visual fatigue and the subjective measurement of visual discomfort, we would like to arrive at general indicators that are easy to apply in perception experiments. Previous research yielded contradictory results concerning such indicators. We hypothesize two potential causes for this: 1) not all clinical tests are equally appropriate to evaluate the effect of stereoscopic viewing on visual fatigue, and 2) there is a natural variation in susceptibility to visual fatigue amongst people with normal vision. To verify these hypotheses, we designed an experiment, consisting of two parts. Firstly, an optometric screening was used to differentiate participants in susceptibility to visual fatigue. Secondly, in a 2×2 within-subjects design (2D vs 3D and two-view vs nine-view display), a questionnaire and eight optometric tests (i.e. binocular acuity, fixation disparity with and without fusion lock, heterophoria, convergent and divergent fusion, vergence facility and accommodation response) were administered before and immediately after a reading task. Results revealed that participants found to be more susceptible to visual fatigue during screening showed a clinically meaningful increase in fusion amplitude after having viewed 3D stimuli. Two questionnaire items (i.e., pain and irritation) were significantly affected by the participants' susceptibility, while two other items (i.e., double vision and sharpness) were scored differently between 2D and 3D for all participants. Our results suggest that a combination of fusion range measurements and self-report is appropriate for evaluating visual fatigue related to 3D displays.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 February 2009
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 7237, Stereoscopic Displays and Applications XX, 72370K (18 February 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.805977
Show Author Affiliations
M. Lambooij, Eindhoven Univ. of Technology (Netherlands)
Philips Research Labs. (Netherlands)
M. Fortuin, Eindhoven Univ. of Technology (Netherlands)
Hogeschool Utrecht (Netherlands)
City Univ. (United Kingdom)
W. A. Ijsselsteijn, Eindhoven Univ. of Technology (Netherlands)
I. Heynderickx, Philips Research Labs. (Netherlands)
Delft Univ. of Technology (Netherlands)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7237:
Stereoscopic Displays and Applications XX
Andrew J. Woods; Nicolas S. Holliman; John O. Merritt, Editor(s)

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