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Proceedings Paper

Nonlinear mapping of the luminance in dual-layer high dynamic range displays
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Paper Abstract

It has long been known that the human visual system (HVS) has a nonlinear response to luminance. This nonlinearity can be quantified using the concept of just noticeable difference (JND), which represents the minimum amplitude of a specified test pattern an average observer can discern from a uniform background. The JND depends on the background luminance following a threshold versus intensity (TVI) function. It is possible to define a curve which maps physical luminances into a perceptually linearized domain. This mapping can be used to optimize a digital encoding, by minimizing the visibility of quantization noise. It is also commonly used in medical applications to display images adapting to the characteristics of the display device. High dynamic range (HDR) displays, which are beginning to appear on the market, can display luminance levels outside the range in which most standard mapping curves are defined. In particular, dual-layer LCD displays are able to extend the gamut of luminance offered by conventional liquid crystals towards the black region; in such areas suitable and HVS-compliant luminance transformations need to be determined. In this paper we propose a method, which is primarily targeted to the extension of the DICOM curve used in medical imaging, but also has a more general application. The method can be modified in order to compensate for the ambient light, which can be significantly greater than the black level of an HDR display and consequently reduce the visibility of the details in dark areas.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 February 2009
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 7245, Image Processing: Algorithms and Systems VII, 72450D (11 February 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.805954
Show Author Affiliations
Gabriele Guarnieri, Univ. of Trieste (Italy)
Giovanni Ramponi, Univ. of Trieste (Italy)
Silvio Bonfiglio, FIMI-Philips (Italy)
Luigi Albani, FIMI-Philips (Italy)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7245:
Image Processing: Algorithms and Systems VII
Nasser M. Nasrabadi; Syed A. Rizvi; Jaakko T. Astola; Karen O. Egiazarian, Editor(s)

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