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Proceedings Paper

Offspring of SPACE: the spectrograph channel of the ESA Dark Energy Mission EUCLID
Author(s): Robert Content; Andrea Cimatti; Massimo Robberto; Robert Grange; Paolo Spanò; Ray M. Sharples; Carlton Baugh; Bianca Garilli; Luigi Guzzo; Olivier Le Fevre; Dario Maccagni; Piero Rosati; Yun Wang; Giovanni Zamorani; Filippo Zerbi
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Paper Abstract

The SPACE and DUNE proposals for the ESA Cosmic Vision 2015-2025 have been pre-selected for a Dark Energy Mission. An assessment study was performed in the past few months resulting in a merged mission called EUCLID. The study led to a possible concept for the mission and the payload, paving the way for the industrial studies. SPACE has now become the EUCLID spectrograph channel (EUCLID-spectro). We will discuss its science and give a description of the different studied optical designs. EUCLID-spectro aims to produce the largest three-dimensional map of the Universe by taking near-IR spectra at R=400 and 0.9μm<λ<1.7μm for ~200 million galaxies at z<2 and H<22 over 20,000 deg2. It will measure the expansion history of the Universe and the growth rate of structure using Baryonic Acoustic Oscillations, redshift-space distortions and clusters of galaxies. It will distinguish true dark energy from a modification of Einstein's gravity. The original design had 4 channels each re-imaging with mirrors a sub-field from the Casgrain focus onto a Digital Micromirror Device (DMD). A prism spectrograph followed each array. This design was modified to adapt EUCLID-spectro to a DUNE-type telescope, to reduce the number of optics and spectrographs, and add an imaging capability. We studied grism spectrographs, especially for a slitless backup solution that have less optics but a smaller field; we also studied compact prism and lens spectrographs, telescope corrector combined with micromirror arrays at the Casgrain focus then eliminating the re-imaging, and TIR prisms over the arrays to help with packaging.

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 July 2008
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 7010, Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2008: Optical, Infrared, and Millimeter, 70104S (12 July 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.805409
Show Author Affiliations
Robert Content, Univ. of Durham (United Kingdom)
Andrea Cimatti, Univ. di Bologna (Italy)
Massimo Robberto, Space Telescope Science Institute (United States)
Robert Grange, Lab. d'Astrophysique de Marseille, CNRS, Univ. de Provence (France)
Paolo Spanò, INAF, Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera (Italy)
Ray M. Sharples, Univ. of Durham (United Kingdom)
Carlton Baugh, Univ. of Durham (United Kingdom)
Bianca Garilli, INAF, IASF-Milano (Italy)
Luigi Guzzo, INAF, Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera (Italy)
Olivier Le Fevre, Lab. d'Astrophysique de Marseille, CNRS, Univ. de Provence (France)
Dario Maccagni, INAF, IASF-Milano (Italy)
Piero Rosati, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
Yun Wang, Univ. of Oklahoma (United States)
Giovanni Zamorani, INAF, Bologna Astronomical Observatory (Italy)
Filippo Zerbi, INAF, Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera (Italy)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7010:
Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2008: Optical, Infrared, and Millimeter
Jacobus M. Oschmann Jr.; Mattheus W. M. de Graauw; Howard A. MacEwen, Editor(s)

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