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Proceedings Paper

Compressive coded aperture imaging
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Paper Abstract

Nonlinear image reconstruction based upon sparse representations of images has recently received widespread attention with the emerging framework of compressed sensing (CS). This theory indicates that, when feasible, judicious selection of the type of distortion induced by measurement systems may dramatically improve our ability to perform image reconstruction. However, applying compressed sensing theory to practical imaging systems poses a key challenge: physical constraints typically make it infeasible to actually measure many of the random projections described in the literature, and therefore, innovative and sophisticated imaging systems must be carefully designed to effectively exploit CS theory. In video settings, the performance of an imaging system is characterized by both pixel resolution and field of view. In this work, we propose compressive imaging techniques for improving the performance of video imaging systems in the presence of constraints on the focal plane array size. In particular, we describe a novel yet practical approach that combines coded aperture imaging to enhance pixel resolution with superimposing subframes of a scene onto a single focal plane array to increase field of view. Specifically, the proposed method superimposes coded observations and uses wavelet-based sparsity recovery algorithms to reconstruct the original subframes. We demonstrate the effectiveness of this approach by reconstructing with high resolution the constituent images of a video sequence.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 February 2009
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 7246, Computational Imaging VII, 72460G (3 February 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.803795
Show Author Affiliations
Roummel F. Marcia, Duke Univ. (United States)
Zachary T. Harmany, Duke Univ. (United States)
Rebecca M. Willett, Duke Univ. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7246:
Computational Imaging VII
Charles A. Bouman; Eric L. Miller; Ilya Pollak, Editor(s)

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