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Proceedings Paper

Design of the first optical system for real-time tomographic holography (RTTH)
Author(s): John M. Galeotti; Mel Siegel; Richard D. Rallison; George Stetten
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Paper Abstract

The design of the first Real-Time-Tomographic-Holography (RTTH) optical system for augmented-reality applications is presented. RTTH places a viewpoint-independent real-time (RT) virtual image (VI) of an object into its actual location, enabling natural hand-eye coordination to guide invasive procedures, without requiring tracking or a head-mounted device. The VI is viewed through a narrow-band Holographic Optical Element (HOE) with built-in power that generates the largest possible near-field, in-situ VI from a small display chip without noticeable parallax error or obscuring direct view of the physical world. Rigidly fixed upon a medical-ultrasound probe, RTTH could show the scan in its actual location inside the patient, because the VI would move with the probe. We designed the image source along with the system-optics, allowing us to ignore both planer geometric distortions and field curvature, respectively compensated by using RT pre-processing software and attaching a custom-surfaced fiber-optic-faceplate (FOFP) to our image source. Focus in our fast, non-axial system was achieved by placing correcting lenses near the FOFP and custom-optically-fabricating our volume-phase HOE using a recording beam that was specially shaped by extra lenses. By simultaneously simulating and optimizing the system's playback performance across variations in both the total playback and HOE-recording optical systems, we derived and built a design that projects a 104x112 mm planar VI 1 m from the HOE using a laser-illuminated 19x16 mm LCD+FOFP image-source. The VI appeared fixed in space and well focused. Viewpoint-induced location errors were <3 mm, and unexpected first-order astigmatism produced 3 cm (3% of 1 m) ambiguity in depth, typically unnoticed by human observers.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 September 2008
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 7061, Novel Optical Systems Design and Optimization XI, 70610A (17 September 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.795619
Show Author Affiliations
John M. Galeotti, Carnegie Mellon Univ. (United States)
Mel Siegel, Carnegie Mellon Univ. (United States)
Richard D. Rallison, Wasatch Photonics (United States)
George Stetten, Carnegie Mellon Univ. (United States)
Univ. of Pittsburgh (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7061:
Novel Optical Systems Design and Optimization XI
R. John Koshel; G. Groot Gregory; James D. Moore; David H. Krevor, Editor(s)

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