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Proceedings Paper

A fast macroblock mode decision scheme using ROI-based coding of H.264/MPEG-4 Part 10 AVC for mobile video telephony applications
Author(s): Taeyoung Na; Yousun Lee; Jeongyeon Lim; Yongho Joo; Kimoon Kim; Jaewan Byun; Munchurl Kim
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Paper Abstract

We propose a fast macroblock mode decision scheme in the H.264|MPEG-4 Part 10 Advanced Video Coding (AVC) for mobile video telephony applications. In general, the face region around a speaker is considered region of interest (ROI) while the background is not importantly considered, thus being regarded as non-ROI for the video telephony situations. We usually have to consider the following two issues: (1) the platforms of mobile video telephony are usually computationally limited and the AVC codecs are computationally expensive; and (2) the allowed channel bandwidths are usually very small so the compressed video streams are transmitted with visual quality degraded. In this paper, we challenge the two issues: Firstly, a fast macroblock mode decision scheme is contrived to alleviate the computational complexity of H.264|MPEG-4 Part 10 AVC; and secondly, ROI/non-ROI coding of H.264|MPEG-4 Part 10 AVC is incorporated to enhance subjective visual quality by encoding ROI data in higher quality but non-ROI data in lower quality. Our proposed fast macroblock mode decision scheme consists of three parts: early skip mode detection, fast inter macroblock mode decision and intra prediction skip parts. The skip mode detection method is to decide whether or not to perform the rest inter macroblock modes in P-Slices. The fast inter macroblock mode method is to reduce the candidate block mode by SATDMOTION from 16x16 and 8x8 block motion estimation. The intra prediction skipping condition is set to decide whether or not to perform the 4x4 intra prediction in P-Slices using the relation between magnitude of the motion vectors of the current macroblock and the occurrence frequencies of intra predicted macroblocks. The experimental results show that the proposed scheme yields up to 51.88% of the computational complexity reduction in total encoding time with negligible amounts of PSNR drops and bit rate increments, respectively.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 September 2008
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 7073, Applications of Digital Image Processing XXXI, 70730I (13 September 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.795614
Show Author Affiliations
Taeyoung Na, Information and Communications Univ. (Korea, Republic of)
Yousun Lee, Information and Communications Univ. (Korea, Republic of)
Jeongyeon Lim, SK Telecom (Korea, Republic of)
Yongho Joo, SK Telecom (Korea, Republic of)
Kimoon Kim, SK Telecom (Korea, Republic of)
Jaewan Byun, SK Telecom (Korea, Republic of)
Munchurl Kim, Information and Communications Univ. (Korea, Republic of)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7073:
Applications of Digital Image Processing XXXI
Andrew G. Tescher, Editor(s)

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