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Proceedings Paper

Highly efficient EO polymers for low Vpi modulators
Author(s): Diyun Huang; Danliang Jin; Baoquan Chen; Hui Chen; Don Tolstedt; Stephen Condon; Anna Barklund; Guomin Yu; Eric Miller; Raluca Dinu; Jingdong Luo; Zhengwei Shi; Tae-Dong Kim; Su Huang; Alex K.-Y. Jen
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Paper Abstract

Poly(methyl methacrylate-co-9-anthrylmethyl methacrylate) (PMMA-AMA) LP-136 with various AMA contents was prepared. The polymer was modified via Diels-Alder (D-A) type "click chemistry". In one approach, the side-chain was grafted stepwise with maleimide-containing chromophore AJL-04 followed with N-phenylmaleimide (PI) to form LP-160. LP-160 was doped with 30 wt % of chromophore AJLS-102 to give electro-optic (EO) core polymer AJ-415. In the other approach, all the pending AMA groups were modified with PI in one step to yield LP-165. Doping 33.7 wt % AJLS-102 in LP-165 gives another core polymer AJ-416. The EO and material properties of both polymers were systematically studied. Via careful selection of bottom and top cladding materials with proper optical and electrical properties, Mach-Zehnder type modulators were fabricated based on both core materials. At the operational wavelength of 1550 nm, modulator with AJ-415 core has half-wave driving voltage (Vπ) of 0.95 V and insertion loss of 19.1 dB, while the best results from modulators with AJ-416 core are 0.75 V of Vπ and 17.1 dB of insertion loss. AJ-416 also has the advantage over AJ-415 for building EO modulator with better processibility and long-term stability.

Paper Details

Date Published: 2 September 2008
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 7049, Linear and Nonlinear Optics of Organic Materials VIII, 70490H (2 September 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.795561
Show Author Affiliations
Diyun Huang, Lumera Corp. (United States)
Danliang Jin, Lumera Corp. (United States)
Baoquan Chen, Lumera Corp. (United States)
Hui Chen, Lumera Corp. (United States)
Don Tolstedt, Lumera Corp. (United States)
Stephen Condon, Lumera Corp. (United States)
Anna Barklund, Lumera Corp. (United States)
Guomin Yu, Lumera Corp. (United States)
Eric Miller, Lumera Corp. (United States)
Raluca Dinu, Lumera Corp. (United States)
Jingdong Luo, Univ. of Washington (United States)
Zhengwei Shi, Univ. of Washington (United States)
Tae-Dong Kim, Univ. of Washington (United States)
Su Huang, Univ. of Washington (United States)
Alex K.-Y. Jen, Univ. of Washington (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7049:
Linear and Nonlinear Optics of Organic Materials VIII
Rachel Jakubiak, Editor(s)

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