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Review of the role of dielectric anisotropy in Dyakonov surface-wave propagation
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Paper Abstract

Surface waves (SWs) are localized waves that travel along the planar interface between two different mediums when certain dispersion relations are satisfied. If both mediums have purely dielectric constitutive properties, the characteristics of SW propagation are determined by the anisotropy of both mediums. Surface waves are then called Dyakonov SWs (DSWs), after Dyakonov who theoretically established the possibility of SW propagation at the planar interface of an isotropic dielectric and a positive uniaxial dielectric. Since then, DSW propagation guided by interfaces between a variety of dielectrics has been studied. With an isotropic dielectric on one side, the dielectric on the other side of the interface can be not only positive uniaxial but also biaxial. DSW propagation can also occur along an interface between two uniaxial or biaxial dielectrics that are twisted about a common axis with respect to each other but are otherwise identical. Recently, DSW propagation has been studied taking (i) uniaxial dielectrics such as calomel and dioptase crystals; (ii) biaxial dielectrics such as hemimorphite, crocoite, tellurite, witherite, and cerussite; and (iii) electro-optic materials such as potassium niobate. With materials that are significantly anisotropic, the angular regime of directions for DSW propagation turns out to be narrow. In the case of naturally occurring crystals, one has to accept the narrow angular existence domain (AED). However, exploiting the Pockels effect not only facilitates dynamic electrical control of DSW propagation, but also widens the AED for DSW propagation.

Paper Details

Date Published: 10 September 2008
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 7041, Nanostructured Thin Films, 70410T (10 September 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.793370
Show Author Affiliations
Sudarshan R. Nelatury, The Pennsylvania State Univ. (United States)
John A. Polo, Edinboro Univ. of Pennsylvania (United States)
Akhlesh Lakhtakia, The Pennsylvania State Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7041:
Nanostructured Thin Films
Geoffrey B. Smith; Akhlesh Lakhtakia, Editor(s)

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