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Proceedings Paper

Vibrational spectroscopy of HNS degradation
Author(s): M. Kathleen Alam; Laura Martin; Randal L. Schmitt; Gregory A. Ten Eyck; Eric Welle
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Paper Abstract

Hexanitrostilbene (HNS) is a widely used explosive, due in part to its high thermal stability. Degradation of HNS is known to occur through UV, chemical exposure, and heat exposure, which can lead to reduced performance of the material. Common methods of testing for HNS degradation include wet chemical and surface area testing of the material itself, and performance testing of devices that use HNS. The commonly used chemical tests, such as volatility, conductivity and contaminant trapping provide information on contaminants rather than the chemical stability of the HNS itself. Additionally, these tests are destructive in nature. As an alternative to these methods, we have been exploring the use of vibrational spectroscopy as a means of monitoring HNS degradation non-destructively. In particular, infrared (IR) spectroscopy lends itself well to non-destructive analysis. Molecular variations in the material can be identified and compared to pure samples. The utility of IR spectroscopy was evaluated using pressed pellets of HNS exposed to DETA (diethylaminetriamine). Amines are known to degrade HNS, with the proposed product being a σ-adduct. We have followed these changes as a function of time using various IR sampling techniques including photoacoustic and attenuated total reflectance (ATR).

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 September 2008
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 7070, Optical Technologies for Arming, Safing, Fuzing, and Firing IV, 70700S (3 September 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.793317
Show Author Affiliations
M. Kathleen Alam, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Laura Martin, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Randal L. Schmitt, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Gregory A. Ten Eyck, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Eric Welle, Sandia National Labs. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7070:
Optical Technologies for Arming, Safing, Fuzing, and Firing IV
Fred M. Dickey; Richard A. Beyer, Editor(s)

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