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Proceedings Paper

Ultra-low vibration linear stirling cryogenic refrigerator for sub-nano resolution microscopy
Author(s): S. V. Riabzev; A. M. Veprik; H. S. Vilenchik; N. Pundak; E. Castiel
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Paper Abstract

Wide use of so called "dry-cooling" technology, eventually replacing the LN2 cooling approach in high-resolution instrumentation, such as Scanning Electronic Microscopes, Helium Ion Microscopes, Superconductive Quantum Interference Devices, etc., motivates further quieting of appropriate cryogenic refrigerators. Linear Stirling cryogenic refrigerators are known to be a major source of harmful vibration export compromising the overall performance of vibration-sensitive equipment. The dual-piston approach to a design of a linear compressor yields inherently low vibration export and, therefore, is widely accepted across the industry. However, the residual vibration disturbance originated even from the technological tolerances, natural wear and contamination cannot be completely eliminated. Moreover, a vibration disturbance produced by a pneumatically driven cold head is much more powerful as compared to this of a compressor. The authors successfully redesigned the existing Ricor model K535 Stirling cryogenic refrigerator for use in vibration-sensitive electronic microscopy, where the image resolution is specified in angstroms. The objective was achieved by passive mechanical counterbalancing of the expander portion of the refrigerator, in a combination with an active two-axis control of residual vibrations, relying on National Instruments CompactRIO hardware, incorporating a real-time processor and reconfigurable FPGA for reliable stand-alone embedded application, developed using LabVIEW graphical programming tools. The attainable performance of the Ultra-Low Vibration linear Stirling cryogenic refrigerator RICOR model K535-ULV was evaluated through the full-scale experimentation.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 April 2008
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 6940, Infrared Technology and Applications XXXIV, 69402C (17 April 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.792191
Show Author Affiliations
S. V. Riabzev, Ricor Cryogenic and Vacuum Systems (Israel)
A. M. Veprik, Ricor Cryogenic and Vacuum Systems (Israel)
H. S. Vilenchik, Ricor Cryogenic and Vacuum Systems (Israel)
N. Pundak, Ricor Cryogenic and Vacuum Systems (Israel)
E. Castiel, National Instruments (Israel)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6940:
Infrared Technology and Applications XXXIV
Bjørn F. Andresen; Gabor F. Fulop; Paul R. Norton, Editor(s)

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