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Proceedings Paper

Algorithm of small moving target detection based on infrared and visual image fusion
Author(s): Wuqin Tong; Hua Yang; Chao-chao Huang; Wei Jin; Li Yang
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Paper Abstract

Aimed at the imaging principle and characteristic of infrared and visual equipment and their application demands, an effective algorithm is proposed for small moving target detection based on fused infrared and visual image. The algorithm suppresses background clutter by morphologic Top-hat transform, and the results are enhanced by tree-structure wavelet transform with the use of improved fusion rule based on "absolute value" matching degree. Filter processing can enhance targets as well as suppress partial clutter and false targets effectively. Use difference operation among three consecutive frame images to accomplish target segmentation. Improve SNR by N frames energy accumulation. Combine continuity and regularity of small moving target to eliminate false targets, noise point and background remnant. All that helps detect the small targets. Finally, compare the pre-processing performance among traditional filter approaches and this proposed algorithm for image pre-processing. Thus, for this type of method, detection and tracking results prove the validity the proposed algorithm. At the same time, two parameters, RMSE (relative mean square error) and BSF (background suppression factor), are given to evaluate the filtering performance of this paper approach. Four indexes, Mutual Information (MI), Associated Entropy (AE), SNR, RMSE, are used to evaluate the fusion quality. Experimental results show that the multilevel and multifunctional algorithm proposed is better than other methods in image pre-processing, image fusion and small moving target detection.

Paper Details

Date Published: 5 March 2008
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 6623, International Symposium on Photoelectronic Detection and Imaging 2007: Image Processing, 662323 (5 March 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.791550
Show Author Affiliations
Wuqin Tong, Hefei Electronic Engineering Institute (China)
Hua Yang, Hefei Electronic Engineering Institute (China)
Chao-chao Huang, Hefei Electronic Engineering Institute (China)
Wei Jin, Hefei Electronic Engineering Institute (China)
Li Yang, Hefei Electronic Engineering Institute (China)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6623:
International Symposium on Photoelectronic Detection and Imaging 2007: Image Processing

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