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Proceedings Paper

Scanning rain gauge based on photo electricity
Author(s): Fei-long Huang; Yuan-hong Li
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Paper Abstract

A non-contact rain gauge with photo electricity technology is introduced in this paper. Dimensional distribution of rain inside a traditional rain gauge does not need to be changed, and the rainwater falls freely to the ground, so this new rain gauge doesn't need to be cleared as a traditional rain gauge does frequently. And then a capacitor is used as a switch that would drive LED light to scan and drive photo electricity inducing element Charge Coupled Device (CCD) to detect when it is induced by the falling drips. Light through a convex lens would scan the drips and project them on CCD across. Electrical signal is produced when CCD detects the shadow after another convex lens. The drips whose diameter is 0.3 millimeter can be distinguished and so as smaller drips of 0.1 millimeter if high-resolution CCD is used. After an amplifier the electrical signal would be transformed into digital signal and would be used to calculate the volume of rain. The Central Processing Unit on main control board gives commands to scanning trigger and controls interrupts from process of data acquisition and calculation. The non-contact photo electricity measurement can detect raindrops of different size. Parallel light projects every raindrop in space on CCD and tells its diameter exactly. So it gives satisfying precision and other useful data such as spectrum of raindrops. Further more, velocity of raindrop would be acquired according to its size. The system needs low cost with universal CCD and Single Chip Micyoco (SCM), and it is worth advocating.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 February 2008
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 6622, International Symposium on Photoelectronic Detection and Imaging 2007: Laser, Ultraviolet, and Terahertz Technology, 66221J (22 February 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.790887
Show Author Affiliations
Fei-long Huang, Guangdong Atmosphere Detection Technology Ctr. (China)
Yuan-hong Li, Guangdong Atmosphere Detection Technology Ctr. (China)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6622:
International Symposium on Photoelectronic Detection and Imaging 2007: Laser, Ultraviolet, and Terahertz Technology

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