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Proceedings Paper

EURECA: a European-Japanese microcalorimeter array
Author(s): Piet A. J. de Korte; Jose V. Anquita; Xavier Barcons; Paolo Bastia; Joern Beyer; Fernando Briones; Marcel Bruijn; Javier Bussons; Augustin Camón; F. Carrera; Maria Teresa Ceballos; Luca Colasanti; Bob Dirks; Dietmar Drung; Lourdes Fabrega; Flavio Gatti; Raquel Gonzalez-Arrabal; Luciano Gottardi; Wojtek Hajdas; Panu Helistö; Jan-Willem den Herder; Henk Hoevers; Yoshitaka Ishisaki; Mikko Kiviranta; Jan van der Kuur; Claudio Macculi; Aliko Mchedlishvili; Kazu Mitsuda; Stéphane Paltani; Maria Parra-Borderías; Luigi Piro; Reiner Rohlfs; Javier Sese; Yoh Takei; Guido Torrioli; Noriko Yamasaki
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Paper Abstract

The EURECA (EURopean-JapanEse Calorimeter Array) project aims to demonstrate the science performance and technological readiness of an imaging X-ray spectrometer based on a micro-calorimeter array for application in future X-ray astronomy missions, like Constellation-X and XEUS. The prototype instrument consists of a 5 × 5 pixel array of TES-based micro-calorimeters read out by by two SQUID-amplifier channels using frequency-domain-multiplexing (FDM). The SQUID-amplifiers are linearized by digital base-band feedback. The detector array is cooled in a cryogenfree cryostat consisting of a pulse tube cooler and a two stage ADR. A European-Japanese consortium designs, fabricates, and tests this prototype instrument. This paper describes the instrument concept, and shows the design and status of the various sub-units, like the TES detector array, LC-filters, SQUID-amplifiers, AC-bias sources, digital electronics, etc. Initial tests of the system at the PTB beam line of the BESSY synchrotron showed stable performance and an X-ray energy resolution of 1.58 eV at 250 eV and 2.5 eV @ 5.9 keV for the read-out of one TES-pixel only. Next step is deployment of FDM to read-out the full array. Full performance demonstration is expected mid 2009.

Paper Details

Date Published: 15 July 2008
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 7011, Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2008: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray, 701122 (15 July 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.788963
Show Author Affiliations
Piet A. J. de Korte, SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research (Netherlands)
Jose V. Anquita, Instituto de Microelectronica de Madrid (Spain)
Xavier Barcons, Instituto de Física de Cantabria (Spain)
Paolo Bastia, Thales Alenia Space S.p.A. (Italy)
Joern Beyer, Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (Germany)
Fernando Briones, Instituto de Microelectronica de Madrid (Spain)
Marcel Bruijn, SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research (Netherlands)
Javier Bussons, Univ. of Murcia (Spain)
Augustin Camón, ICMA, Univ. de Zaragoza (Spain)
F. Carrera, Instituto de Física de Cantabria (Spain)
Maria Teresa Ceballos, Instituto de Física de Cantabria (Spain)
Luca Colasanti, Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica, INAF (Italy)
Bob Dirks, SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research (Netherlands)
Dietmar Drung, Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (Germany)
Lourdes Fabrega, Institut de Ciència de Materials de Barcelona (Spain)
Flavio Gatti, INFN, Univ. of Genoa (Italy)
Raquel Gonzalez-Arrabal, Instituto de Microelectronica de Madrid (Spain)
Luciano Gottardi, SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research (Netherlands)
Wojtek Hajdas, Paul Scherrer Institut (Switzerland)
Panu Helistö, VTT Sensors (Finland)
Jan-Willem den Herder, SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research (Netherlands)
Henk Hoevers, SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research (Netherlands)
Yoshitaka Ishisaki, Tokyo Metropolitan Univ. (Japan)
Mikko Kiviranta, VTT Sensors (Finland)
Jan van der Kuur, SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research (Netherlands)
Claudio Macculi, Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica, INAF (Italy)
Aliko Mchedlishvili, Paul Scherrer Institut (Switzerland)
Kazu Mitsuda, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, JAXA (Japan)
Stéphane Paltani, ISDC (Switzerland)
Maria Parra-Borderías, ICMA, Univ. de Zaragoza (Spain)
Luigi Piro, Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica, INAF (Italy)
Reiner Rohlfs, ISDC (Switzerland)
Javier Sese, Instituto Univ. de Investigación en Nanociencia de Aragón, Univ. de Zaragoza (Spain)
Yoh Takei, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, JAXA (Japan)
Guido Torrioli, Institute for Photonics and Nanotechnologies, CNR (Italy)
Noriko Yamasaki, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, JAXA (Japan)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7011:
Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2008: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray
Martin J. L. Turner; Kathryn A. Flanagan, Editor(s)

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