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Proceedings Paper

The Herschel-Heterodyne Instrument for the Far-Infrared (HIFI): instrument and pre-launch testing
Author(s): 7010-5Thijs de Graauw; Nick Whyborn; Frank Helmich; Pieter Dieleman; Peter Roelfsema; Emmanuel Caux; Tom Phillips; Jürgen Stutzki; Douwe Beintema; Arnold Benz; Nicolas Biver; Adwin Boogert; Francois Boulanger; Sergey Cherednichenko; Odile Coeur-Joly; Claudia Comito; Emmanuel Dartois; Albrecht de Jonge; Gert de Lange; Ian Delorme; Anna DiGiorgio; Luc Dubbeldam; Kevin Edwards; Michael Fich; Rolf Güsten; Fabrice Herpin; Netty Honingh; Robert Huisman; Herman Jacobs; Willem Jellema; Jon Kawamura; Do Kester; Teun Klapwijk; Thomas Klein; Jacob Kooi; Jean-Michel Krieg; Carsten Kramer; Bob Kruizenga; Wouter Laauwen; Bengt Larsson; Christian Leinz; Rene Liseau; Steve Lord; Willem Luinge; Anthony Marston; Harald Merkel; Rafael Moreno; Patrick Morris; Anthony Murphy; Albert Naber; Pere Planesas; Jesus Martin-Pintado; Micheal Olberg; Piotr Orleanski; Volker Ossenkopf; John Pearson; Michel Perault; Sabine Phillip; Mirek Rataj; Laurent Ravera; Paolo Saraceno; Rudolf Schieder; Frank Schmuelling; Ryszard Szczerba; Russell Shipman; David Teyssier; Charlotte Vastel; Huib Visser; Klaas Wildeman; Kees Wafelbakker; John Ward; Roonan Higgins; Henri Aarts; Xander Tielens; Peer Zaal
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Paper Abstract

This paper describes the Heterodyne Instrument for the Far-Infrared (HIFI), to be launched onboard of ESA's Herschel Space Observatory, by 2008. It includes the first results from the instrument level tests. The instrument is designed to be electronically tuneable over a wide and continuous frequency range in the Far Infrared, with velocity resolutions better than 0.1 km/s with a high sensitivity. This will enable detailed investigations of a wide variety of astronomical sources, ranging from solar system objects, star formation regions to nuclei of galaxies. The instrument comprises 5 frequency bands covering 480-1150 GHz with SIS mixers and a sixth dual frequency band, for the 1410-1910 GHz range, with Hot Electron Bolometer Mixers (HEB). The Local Oscillator (LO) subsystem consists of a dedicated Ka-band synthesizer followed by 7 times 2 chains of frequency multipliers, 2 chains for each frequency band. A pair of Auto-Correlators and a pair of Acousto-Optic spectrometers process the two IF signals from the dual-polarization front-ends to provide instantaneous frequency coverage of 4 GHz, with a set of resolutions (140 kHz to 1 MHz), better than < 0.1 km/s. After a successful qualification program, the flight instrument was delivered and entered the testing phase at satellite level. We will also report on the pre-flight test and calibration results together with the expected in-flight performance.

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 July 2008
PDF: 14 pages
Proc. SPIE 7010, Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2008: Optical, Infrared, and Millimeter, 701004 (12 July 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.788659
Show Author Affiliations
7010-5Thijs de Graauw, SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research (Netherlands)
Leiden Observatory, Leiden Univ. (Netherlands)
Joint Alma Observatory (Chile)
Nick Whyborn, SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research (Netherlands)
Joint Alma Observatory (Chile)
Frank Helmich, SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research (Netherlands)
Pieter Dieleman, SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research (Netherlands)
Peter Roelfsema, SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research (Netherlands)
Emmanuel Caux, Ctr. d'Etude Spatiale des Rayonnements (France)
Tom Phillips, California Institute of Technology (United States)
Jürgen Stutzki, KOSMA, Univ. of Köln (Germany)
Douwe Beintema, SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research (Netherlands)
Arnold Benz, Astronomical Institute, ETH Zurich (Switzerland)
Nicolas Biver, Observatoire de Paris-Meudon (France)
Adwin Boogert, NHSC, California Institute of Technology (United States)
Francois Boulanger, Institut d'Astrophysique Spatiale (France)
Sergey Cherednichenko, Chalmers Univ., Onsala Observatory (Sweden)
Odile Coeur-Joly, Ctr. d'Etude Spatiale des Rayonnements (France)
Claudia Comito, Max Planck Institut für Radio Astronomie (Germany)
Emmanuel Dartois, Institut d'Astrophysique Spatiale (France)
Albrecht de Jonge, SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research (Netherlands)
Gert de Lange, SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research (Netherlands)
Ian Delorme, Observatoire de Paris-Meudon (France)
Anna DiGiorgio, Institute of Physics of Interplanetary Space, INAF (Italy)
Luc Dubbeldam, SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research (Netherlands)
Kevin Edwards, SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research (Netherlands)
Univ. of Waterloo (Canada)
Michael Fich, Univ. of Waterloo (Canada)
Rolf Güsten, Max Planck Institut für Radio Astronomie (Germany)
Fabrice Herpin, Observatoire de Grenoble (France)
Netty Honingh, KOSMA, Univ. of Köln (Germany)
Robert Huisman, SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research (Netherlands)
Herman Jacobs, SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research (Netherlands)
Willem Jellema, SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research (Netherlands)
Jon Kawamura, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
Do Kester, SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research (Netherlands)
Teun Klapwijk, Delft Univ. (Netherlands)
Thomas Klein, Max Planck Institut für Radio Astronomie (Germany)
Jacob Kooi, California Institute of Technology (United States)
Jean-Michel Krieg, Observatoire de Paris-Meudon (France)
Carsten Kramer, KOSMA, Univ. of Köln (Germany)
Bob Kruizenga, Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research (Netherlands)
Wouter Laauwen, SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research (Netherlands)
Bengt Larsson, Stockholm Observatory (Sweden)
Christian Leinz, Max Planck Institut für Radio Astronomie (Germany)
Rene Liseau, Stockholm Observatory (Netherlands)
Steve Lord, Observatoire de Paris-Meudon (France)
Willem Luinge, SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research (Netherlands)
Anthony Marston, SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research (Netherlands)
European Space Astronomy Ctr. (Spain)
Harald Merkel, Chalmers Univ., Onsala Observatory (Sweden)
Rafael Moreno, Observatoire de Paris-Meudon (France)
Patrick Morris, NHSC, California Institute of Technology (United States)
Anthony Murphy, National Univ. of Ireland (Ireland)
Albert Naber, SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research (Netherlands)
Pere Planesas, Joint Alma Observatory (Chile)
Observatorio Astronómico Nacional (Spain)
Jesus Martin-Pintado, CSIC (Spain)
Micheal Olberg, SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research (Netherlands)
Chalmers Univ., Onsala Observatory (Sweden)
Piotr Orleanski, Space Research Ctr. (Poland)
Volker Ossenkopf, SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research (Netherlands)
KOSMA, Univ. of Köln (Germany)
John Pearson, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
Michel Perault, Ecole Normale Superieure (France)
Sabine Phillip, Max Planck Institut für Radio Astronomie (Germany)
Mirek Rataj, Space Research Ctr. (Poland)
Laurent Ravera, Ctr. d'Etude Spatiale des Rayonnements (France)
Paolo Saraceno, Institute of Physics of Interplanetary Space, INAF (Italy)
Rudolf Schieder, KOSMA, Univ. of Köln (Germany)
Frank Schmuelling, KOSMA, Univ. of Köln (Germany)
Ryszard Szczerba, National Univ. of Ireland (Ireland)
Russell Shipman, SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research (Netherlands)
David Teyssier, SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research (Netherlands)
European Space Astronomy Ctr. (Spain)
Charlotte Vastel, Ctr. d'Etude Spatiale des Rayonnements (France)
Huib Visser, Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research (Netherlands)
Klaas Wildeman, SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research (Netherlands)
Kees Wafelbakker, SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research (Netherlands)
John Ward, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
Roonan Higgins, SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research (Netherlands)
National Univ. of Ireland (Ireland)
Henri Aarts, SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research (Netherlands)
Xander Tielens, SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research (Netherlands)
NASA Ames Research Ctr. (United States)
Peer Zaal, SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research (Netherlands)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7010:
Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2008: Optical, Infrared, and Millimeter
Jacobus M. Oschmann; Mattheus W. M. de Graauw; Howard A. MacEwen, Editor(s)

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