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Proceedings Paper

Caliste 64: detection unit of a spectro imager array for a hard x-ray space telescope
Author(s): A. Meuris; O. Limousin; F. Lugiez; O. Gevin; F. Pinsard; C. Blondel; I. Le Mer; E. Delagnes; M. C. Vassal; F. Soufflet; R. Bocage
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Paper Abstract

In the frame of the hard X-ray Simbol-X observatory, a joint CNES-ASI space mission to be flown in 2014, a prototype of miniature Cd(Zn)Te camera equipped with 64 pixels has been designed. The device, called Caliste 64, is a spectro-imager with high resolution event time-tagging capability. Caliste 64 integrates a Cd(Zn)Te semiconductor detector with segmented electrode and its front-end electronics made of 64 independent analog readout channels. This 1 × 1 × 2 cm3 camera, able to detect photons in the range from 2 keV up to 250 keV, is an elementary detection unit juxtaposable on its four sides. Consequently, large detector array can be made assembling a mosaic of Caliste 64 units. Electronics readout module is achieved by stacking four IDeF-X V1.1 ASICs, perpendicular to the detection plane. We achieved good noise performances, with a mean Equivalent Noise Charge of ~65 electrons rms over the 64 channels. Time resolution is better than 70 ns rms for energy deposits greater than 50 keV, taking into account electronic noise and technological dispersal, which enables to reject background by anticoincidence with very low probability of error. For the first prototypes, we chose CdTe detectors equipped with Al-Ti-Au Schottky barrier contacts because of their very low dark current and excellent spectroscopic performances. So far, three Caliste 64 cameras have been realized and tested. When the crystal is cooled down to -10°C, the sum spectrum built with the 64 pixels of a Caliste 64 sample results in a spectral resolution of 664 eV FWHM at 13.94 keV and 841 eV FWHM at 59.54 keV.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 July 2008
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 7021, High Energy, Optical, and Infrared Detectors for Astronomy III, 702113 (22 July 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.788447
Show Author Affiliations
A. Meuris, CEA, IRFU (France)
O. Limousin, CEA, IRFU (France)
F. Lugiez, CEA, IRFU (France)
O. Gevin, CEA, IRFU (France)
F. Pinsard, CEA, IRFU (France)
C. Blondel, CEA, IRFU (France)
I. Le Mer, CEA, IRFU (France)
E. Delagnes, CEA, IRFU (France)
M. C. Vassal, 3D Plus (France)
F. Soufflet, 3D Plus (France)
R. Bocage, 3D Plus (France)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7021:
High Energy, Optical, and Infrared Detectors for Astronomy III
David A. Dorn; Andrew D. Holland, Editor(s)

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