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Proceedings Paper

Detection of security relevant substances within the cooperative project SAFE XUV
Author(s): Elisabeth Schramm; Stephan Borrmann; Joachim Curtius; Andreas Goertler; Thomas Heindl; Andreas Kuerten; Alexander McNeish; Stefan Mitschke; Andrei Morozov; Fabian Muehlberger; Michael Puetz; Gerd Reichardt; Hermann Ries; Patricia Schall; Rasmus Schulte-Ladbeck; Rainer Schultze; Martin Sklorz; Roman Trebbe; Andreas Ulrich; Jochen Wieser; Ralf Zimmermann
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Paper Abstract

The objective of this project funded by the German BMBF was to show that security relevant substances can be detected in complex matrices at low concentrations using single photon ionization ion trap mass spectrometry (SPI-ITMS). The advantage of such a soft ionization technique is a reduction of unwanted fragment ions in mass spectra allowing identification of signals from complex matrices and enabling MS/MS capability. The MS/MS studies permit low false-positive and false-negative rates. Additionally, the accumulation of the ions in the ion trap decreases the detection limit. To obtain low detection limits the ionization potentials (IPs) of the relevant substances have to be below the IPs of the bulk matrix components. That enables the utilization of a photon energy unaffecting the matrix components resulting in increased sensitivity due to essentially non-existent background signals. As literature values for many ionization potentials are unavailable, IPs of several security relevant substances were determined using monochromatized synchrotron radiation from BESSY, Germany. All analyzed substances exhibited IPs significantly below the IPs of common matrix molecules such as water, nitrogen and oxygen. First measurements with a pre-demonstrator show that it is possible to shield matrix substances using a well chosen photon energy for soft ionization.

Paper Details

Date Published: 25 April 2008
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 6945, Optics and Photonics in Global Homeland Security IV, 69451H (25 April 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.786209
Show Author Affiliations
Elisabeth Schramm, Helmholtz Zentrum Muenchen (Germany)
Univ. of Augsburg (Germany)
Stephan Borrmann, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry (Germany)
Joachim Curtius, Univ. of Mainz (Germany)
Andreas Goertler, Coherent GmbH (Germany)
Thomas Heindl, Technische Univ. Muenchen (Germany)
Andreas Kuerten, Helmholtz Zentrum Muenchen (Germany)
Max Planck Institute for Chemistry (Germany)
Alexander McNeish, Smiths Heimann GmbH (Germany)
Stefan Mitschke, Helmholtz Zentrum Muenchen (Germany)
Andrei Morozov, Technische Univ. Muenchen (Germany)
Fabian Muehlberger, Helmholtz Zentrum Muenchen (Germany)
Michael Puetz, Federal Criminal Police Office (Germany)
Gerd Reichardt, BESSY GmbH (Germany)
Hermann Ries, Smiths Heimann GmbH (Germany)
Patricia Schall, Smiths Heimann GmbH (Germany)
Rasmus Schulte-Ladbeck, Federal Criminal Police Office (Germany)
Rainer Schultze, Optimare GmbH (Germany)
Martin Sklorz, Helmholtz Zentrum Muenchen (Germany)
Roman Trebbe, Federal Office of Civil Protection and Disaster Assistance (Germany)
Andreas Ulrich, Technische Univ. Muenchen (Germany)
Jochen Wieser, Coherent GmbH (Germany)
Ralf Zimmermann, Helmholtz Zentrum Muenchen (Germany)
Univ. of Augsburg (Germany)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6945:
Optics and Photonics in Global Homeland Security IV
Craig S. Halvorson; Daniel Lehrfeld; Theodore T. Saito, Editor(s)

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