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Proceedings Paper

Innovative smart micro sensors for Army weaponry applications
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Paper Abstract

Micro sensors offer the potential solution to cost, size, and weight issues associated with smart networked sensor systems designed for environmental/missile health monitoring and rocket out-gassing/fuel leak detection, as well as situational awareness on the battlefield. In collaboration with the University of Arkansas (Fayetteville), University of Alabama (Tuscaloosa and Birmingham), Alabama A&M University (Normal), and Streamline Automation (Huntsville, AL), scientists and engineers at the Army Aviation & Missile Research, Development, and Engineering Center (AMRDEC) are investigating several nano-based technologies to solve the problem of sensing extremely small levels of toxic gases associated with both chemical warfare agents (in air and liquids) and potential rocket motor leaks. Innovative techniques are being devised to adapt voltammetry, which is a well established technique for the detection and quantification of substances dissolved in liquids, to low-cost micro sensors for detecting airborne chemical agents and potential missile propellant leakages. In addition, a surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) technique, which enhances Raman scattered light by excitation of surface plasmons on nanoporous metal surfaces (nanospheres), is being investigated to develop novel smart sensors for the detection of chemical agents (including rocket motor out-gassing) and potential detection of home-made explosive devices. In this paper, results are delineated that are associated with experimental studies, which are conducted for the aforementioned cases and for several other nano-based technology approaches. The design challenges of each micro sensor technology approach are discussed. Finally, a comparative analysis of the various innovative micro-sensor techniques is provided.

Paper Details

Date Published: 26 March 2008
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 6931, Nanosensors and Microsensors for Bio-Systems 2008, 693102 (26 March 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.784973
Show Author Affiliations
Paul B. Ruffin, U.S. Army Research, Development, and Engineering Command (United States)
Christina Brantley, U.S. Army Research, Development, and Engineering Command (United States)
Eugene Edwards, U.S. Army Research, Development, and Engineering Command (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6931:
Nanosensors and Microsensors for Bio-Systems 2008
Vijay K. Varadan, Editor(s)

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