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Proceedings Paper

Explosives signatures and analysis
Author(s): Augustus Way Fountain; Jonathan M. Oyler; Stanley A Ostazeski
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Paper Abstract

The challenge of sampling explosive materials for various high threat military and civilian operational scenarios requires the community to identify and exploit other chemical compounds within the mixtures that may be available to support stand-off detection techniques. While limited surface and vapor phase characterization of IEDs exist, they are insufficient to guide the future development and evaluation of field deployable explosives detection (proximity and standoff) capabilities. ECBC has conducted a limited investigation of three artillery ammunition types to determine what chemical vapors, if any, are available for sensing; the relative composition of the vapors which includes the more volatile compounds in munitions, i.e., plastersizers and binders; and the sensitivity needed detect these vapors at stand-off. Also in partnership with MIT-Lincoln Laboratory, we performed a background measurement campaign at the National Training Center to determine the baseline ambient amounts and variability of nitrates and nitro-ester compounds as vapors, particulates, and on surfaces; as well as other chemical compounds related to non-energetic explosive additives. Environmental persistence studies in contexts relevant to counter-IED sensing operations, such as surface residues, are still necessary.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 April 2008
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 6954, Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, and Explosives (CBRNE) Sensing IX, 695402 (17 April 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.783842
Show Author Affiliations
Augustus Way Fountain, Edgewood Chemical Biological Ctr. (United States)
Jonathan M. Oyler, Edgewood Chemical Biological Ctr. (United States)
Stanley A Ostazeski, Edgewood Chemical Biological Ctr. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6954:
Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, and Explosives (CBRNE) Sensing IX
Augustus Way Fountain; Patrick J. Gardner, Editor(s)

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