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Proceedings Paper

Formation of positive and negative disturbances in the topside ionosphere during solar flares
Author(s): L. A. Leonovich; A. V. Taschilin
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Paper Abstract

The results of studies of the ionospheric response to solar flares are presented. The results are based on the observations of GPS signals and at incoherent scatter radars and on theoretical calculations. Analyzing the GPS data, the method based on a partial "shadowing" of the atmosphere by the Earth was used. This method made it possible to estimate the value of the electron content variations in the topside ionosphere during the solar flare on 14 July 2000. We obtained that according to the GPS data at altitudes of the topside ionosphere (h > 300 km) a flare is able to cause a decrease of the electron content. Similar effects of formation of a negative disturbance in the ionospheric F region were observed also during the solar flares on 21 and 23 May 1967 by the Arecibo radar. Using the theoretical model of ionosphere-- plasmasphere interaction, we study in this paper the mechanism of formation of negative disturbances in the topside ionosphere during solar flares. It is shown that the intense transport of O+ ions into the above-situated plasma caused by a sharp increase in the ion production rate and thermal expansion of the ionospheric plasma is a cause of the formation of the negative disturbance in the electron concentration in the topside ionosphere.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 February 2008
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 6936, Fourteenth International Symposium on Atmospheric and Ocean Optics/Atmospheric Physics, 69361Q (14 February 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.783653
Show Author Affiliations
L. A. Leonovich, Institute of Solar-Terrestrial Physics (Russia)
A. V. Taschilin, Institute of Solar-Terrestrial Physics (Russia)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6936:
Fourteenth International Symposium on Atmospheric and Ocean Optics/Atmospheric Physics

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