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Proceedings Paper

Process, reliability test, and interfacial characterization for low temperature wafer direct bonding
Author(s): Xiaohui Lin; Tielin Shi; Zirong Tang; Guanglan Liao; Lei Nie
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Paper Abstract

Low Temperature Wafer Direct Bonding (LTWDB), as an enabling technology, can be used in preparation of MEMS material (SOI) and manufacturing of multi-layer solar cells. In the present experiment, LTWDB was achieved by surface activation method using SPM and RCA-1 solutions. The main mechanism is relevant to the high oxidizability of SPM solution and surface cleaning, activation ability of RCA-1 solution. Especially, the preparation and usage of RCA-1 were improved to greatly enhance its activation effect. For reliability tests, tensile strength tests were performed and decrease was found after thermal-cooling cycle treatment. Besides infrared system and SEM scanning system was employed to exam the interfacial characterization of the bonded wafers. Infrared system was used to observe the bonding wave when contacting two wafers under normal environment. Interface with relatively high bond rate and interfacial uniformity could also be observed under infrared transmission system. It is demonstrated to be one of the most convenient ways to test the quality of bonded pairs. Besides, SEM was used to further inspect the nano-scale intermediate layers. Two closely contacted wafers with the intermediate layers' thicknesses around 120nm could be observed. Bonded pairs with thinner intermediate layers are characterized by higher bond strength.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 January 2008
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 6723, 3rd International Symposium on Advanced Optical Manufacturing and Testing Technologies: Optical Test and Measurement Technology and Equipment, 672332 (17 January 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.783385
Show Author Affiliations
Xiaohui Lin, Huazhong Univ. of Science and Technology (China)
Tielin Shi, Huazhong Univ. of Science and Technology (China)
Wuhan National Lab. for Optoelectronics (China)
Zirong Tang, Wuhan National Lab. for Optoelectronics (China)
Guanglan Liao, Huazhong Univ. of Science and Technology (China)
Lei Nie, Huazhong Univ. of Science and Technology (China)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6723:
3rd International Symposium on Advanced Optical Manufacturing and Testing Technologies: Optical Test and Measurement Technology and Equipment
Junhua Pan; James C. Wyant; Hexin Wang, Editor(s)

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