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Incoherent sinusoidal-Gaussian and annular beam scintillations
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Paper Abstract

The scintillation index is evaluated in horizontal turbulent atmospheric optical links for incidences of incoherent cosh-Gaussian (IChG), cos-Gaussian (ICG) and annular (IA) beams. Weak turbulence solution is obtained for a slow detector. Dependence of the intensity fluctuations of the IChG, ICG and IA beams on the link length, source size, wavelength and the structure constant are examined. At all the link lengths, fixed size IChG and ICG beams exhibit lower scintillations for larger absolute displacement parameters. At a fixed link length, IChG beam yields lower fluctuations than the ICG beam having the same absolute displacement parameter. For the same size primary beams, IA beam with narrower ring scintillates less than the IA beam with wider ring, and this holds to be valid for each link length. Investigation of the scintillation versus the source size reveals that increase in the source size lowers the scintillations for all types of the incoherent beams. At the same source size and the same absolute displacement parameter, IChG beams have lower fluctuations than the ICG beams, larger absolute displacement parameters exhibiting lower scintillations at the same source size for both beams. For IA beams, as the size of the primary beam is increased, the scintillations are reduced for all ring sizes, the reduction being pronounced for narrower rings. As the wavelength increases, the scintillations of IChG and ICG beams first increase, then at around the wavelength forming the Fresnel zone, the scintillations start to decrease and eventually for all types of IChG and ICG beams, the scintillation indices merge towards a certain value. Similar behaviour of the scintillations versus the wavelength is observed for IA beams as well. As long as the structure constant is kept within the range of interest to remain in the weak turbulence, raising the structure constant first increases the intensity fluctuations of beams for all the mentioned beam types where further rises in the structure constant result in the same level of scintillation index. Comparison of the scintillations of IChG, ICG and IA beams with their coherent counterparts and the coherent Gaussian beam shows that the IChG, ICG and IA beams are favorable for large sized sources.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 April 2008
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 6936, Fourteenth International Symposium on Atmospheric and Ocean Optics/Atmospheric Physics, 69360B (22 April 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.783051
Show Author Affiliations
Yahya Baykal, Çankaya Univ. (Turkey)
Halil T. Eyyuboğlu, Çankaya Univ. (Turkey)
Yangjian Cai, Univ. of Erlangen (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6936:
Fourteenth International Symposium on Atmospheric and Ocean Optics/Atmospheric Physics

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