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Proceedings Paper

High accuracy measurements of objects with multiple reflective surfaces with wavelength shifting interferometry
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Paper Abstract

A conventional phase shifting interferometer is capable of measuring opaque surfaces with sub-nanometer precision. However, it cannot be used to measure an object with multiple parallel reflective surfaces such as a transparent plate, a glass disk, or an Extreme Ultraviolet Lithography (EUVL) mask blank. This is because the plane parallel reflective surfaces generate multiple interferograms that are superimposed in the recording plane of the interferometer. Although every individual interferogram is associated with phase information that is related to the height or thickness, the conventional interferometer is not able to differentiate one surface from another. To measure these surfaces, we have developed a method that integrates a Fizeau interferometer with a tunable light source and a weighted least-square technique. The tunable light source controls the wavelength during the data acquisition process, producing phase shift speeds that are proportional to the optical path difference (OPD). The weighted least-square signal processing technique separates each surface from the others in an optimal manner. Thus the desired information, such as the front surface height, back surface height, and relative optical thickness of a plane-parallel transparent glass plate are extracted without multi-surface fringe print-through artifacts. In this paper we will present the method and demonstrate its performance. The demonstrated surface height accuracy for EUVL mask blank substrates is 5 nm and the RMS repeatability is <0.01 nm.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 November 2007
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 6723, 3rd International Symposium on Advanced Optical Manufacturing and Testing Technologies: Optical Test and Measurement Technology and Equipment, 67230F (21 November 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.782882
Show Author Affiliations
Shouhong Tang, KLA-Tencor (United States)
Richard E. Bills, KLA-Tencor (United States)
Klaus Freischlad, KLA-Tencor (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6723:
3rd International Symposium on Advanced Optical Manufacturing and Testing Technologies: Optical Test and Measurement Technology and Equipment
Junhua Pan; James C. Wyant; Hexin Wang, Editor(s)

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