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Proceedings Paper

Zero-crossing detection algorithm for arrays of optical spatial filtering velocimetry sensors
Author(s): M. L. Jakobsen; F. Pedersen; S. G. Hanson
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Paper Abstract

This paper presents a zero-crossing detection algorithm for arrays of compact low-cost optical sensors based on spatial filtering for measuring fluctuations in angular velocity of rotating solid structures. The algorithm is applicable for signals with moderate signal-to-noise ratios, and delivers a "real-time" output (0-1 kHz). The sensors use optical spatial-filtering velocimetry on the dynamical speckles arising from scattering off a rotating solid object with a non-specular surface. The technology measures the instantaneous angular velocity of a target, without being biased by any linear translation of the object. The calibration of the sensors is independent of the radius of the target, the wavelength of the light, and the distance to the object. No preparation of the surface, as is needed in the case of an indexer, is necessary here. Furthermore, any thermal dependency of the calibration factor is directly related to the thermal expansion and refractive-index coefficients of the optics (>10-5 K-1 for glass). By cascade-coupling an array of sensors, the ensembleaveraged angular velocity is measured in "real-time". This will reduce the influence of pseudo-vibrations arising from repeating the same measurement error for each revolution of the target, and to gain high performance measurement of angular velocity. The traditional zero-crossing detection is extended by 1) inserting an appropriate band-pass filter before the zero-crossing detection, 2) measuring time periods between zero-crossings and 3) doing peak searches in the histograms of time-periods facilitating measurement at low signal-to-noise levels. This algorithm will be compared with time-resolved Fourier analysis.

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 April 2008
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 7003, Optical Sensors 2008, 70030T (28 April 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.781561
Show Author Affiliations
M. L. Jakobsen, Technical Univ. of Denmark (Denmark)
F. Pedersen, Technical Univ. of Denmark (Denmark)
S. G. Hanson, Technical Univ. of Denmark (Denmark)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7003:
Optical Sensors 2008
Francis Berghmans; Anna Grazia Mignani; Antonello Cutolo; Patrick P. Meyrueis; Thomas P. Pearsall, Editor(s)

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