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Proceedings Paper

Fingerprint verification using SIFT features
Author(s): Unsang Park; Sharath Pankanti; A. K. Jain
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Paper Abstract

Fingerprints are being extensively used for person identification in a number of commercial, civil, and forensic applications. Most of the current fingerprint verification systems utilize features that are based on minutiae points and ridge patterns. While minutiae based fingerprint verification systems have shown fairly high accuracies, further improvements in their performance are needed for acceptable performance, especially in applications involving very large scale databases. In an effort to extend the existing technology for fingerprint verification, we propose a new representation and matching scheme for fingerprint using Scale Invariant Feature Transformation (SIFT). We extract characteristic SIFT feature points in scale space and perform matching based on the texture information around the feature points using the SIFT operator. A systematic strategy of applying SIFT to fingerprint images is proposed. Using a public domain fingerprint database (FVC 2002), we demonstrate that the proposed approach complements the minutiae based fingerprint representation. Further, the combination of SIFT and conventional minutiae based system achieves significantly better performance than either of the individual schemes.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 March 2008
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 6944, Biometric Technology for Human Identification V, 69440K (17 March 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.778804
Show Author Affiliations
Unsang Park, IBM T.J. Watson Research Ctr. (United States)
Sharath Pankanti, IBM T.J. Watson Research Ctr. (United States)
A. K. Jain, Michigan State Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6944:
Biometric Technology for Human Identification V
B.V.K. Vijaya Kumar; Salil Prabhakar; Arun A. Ross, Editor(s)

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