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Proceedings Paper

Thermoelectrics as elements of hybrid-electric vehicle thermal energy systems
Author(s): Leon Headings; Gregory Washington; Christopher M. Jaworski
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Paper Abstract

Despite vast technological improvements, the traditional internal combustion powered vehicle still achieves only 25- 30% efficiency, with the remainder lost primarily as heat. While the load leveling offered by hybrid-electric vehicle technology helps to improve this overall efficiency, part of the efficiency gains are achieved by making new systems such as regenerative braking viable. In a similar fashion, thermoelectric (TE) energy recovery has long been considered for traditional vehicles with mixed results, but little has been done to consider thermoelectrics in the framework of the unique energy systems of hybrid vehicles. Systems that may not have been viable or even possible with traditional vehicles may offer improvements to system efficiency as well as emissions, vehicle durability, passenger comfort, and cost. This research describes a simulation developed for evaluating and optimizing thermoelectric energy recovery systems and results for four different system configurations. Two novel system configurations are presented which offer the potential for additional benefits such as emissions reduction that will soon be quantified. In addition, a test setup is presented which was constructed for the testing and validation of various thermoelectric recovery systems. Actual test performance was near the expected theoretical performance and supported the conclusions reached from the computer simulations.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 March 2008
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 6930, Industrial and Commercial Applications of Smart Structures Technologies 2008, 69300C (27 March 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.776703
Show Author Affiliations
Leon Headings, The Ohio State Univ. (United States)
Gregory Washington, The Ohio State Univ. (United States)
Christopher M. Jaworski, The Ohio State Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6930:
Industrial and Commercial Applications of Smart Structures Technologies 2008
L. Porter Davis; Benjamin Kyle Henderson; M. Brett McMickell, Editor(s)

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