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Proceedings Paper

Three-dimensional imaging of artificial fingerprint by optical coherence tomography
Author(s): Kirill V. Larin; Yezeng Cheng
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Paper Abstract

Fingerprint recognition is one of the popular used methods of biometrics. However, due to the surface topography limitation, fingerprint recognition scanners are easily been spoofed, e.g. using artificial fingerprint dummies. Thus, biometric fingerprint identification devices need to be more accurate and secure to deal with different fraudulent methods including dummy fingerprints. Previously, we demonstrated that Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) images revealed the presence of the artificial fingerprints (made from different household materials, such as cement and liquid silicone rubber) at all times, while the artificial fingerprints easily spoofed the commercial fingerprint reader. Also we demonstrated that an analysis of the autocorrelation of the OCT images could be used in automatic recognition systems. Here, we exploited the three-dimensional (3D) imaging of the artificial fingerprint by OCT to generate vivid 3D image for both the artificial fingerprint layer and the real fingerprint layer beneath. With the reconstructed 3D image, it could not only point out whether there exists an artificial material, which is intended to spoof the scanner, above the real finger, but also could provide the hacker's fingerprint. The results of these studies suggested that Optical Coherence Tomography could be a powerful real-time noninvasive method for accurate identification of artificial fingerprints real fingerprints as well.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 March 2008
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 6944, Biometric Technology for Human Identification V, 69440M (17 March 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.776643
Show Author Affiliations
Kirill V. Larin, Univ. of Houston (United States)
Saratov State Univ. (Russia)
Yezeng Cheng, Univ. of Houston (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6944:
Biometric Technology for Human Identification V
B.V.K. Vijaya Kumar; Salil Prabhakar; Arun A. Ross, Editor(s)

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