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Proceedings Paper

Optimization of higher order mode fibers for dispersion management of femtosecond fiber lasers
Author(s): Lars Grüner-Nielsen; Siddharth Ramachandran; Kim Jespersen; Samir Ghalmi; Martin Garmund; Bera Pálsdóttir
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Paper Abstract

Femtosecond fiber lasers are currently of great interest due to their small size, stable operation, long lifetime and low cost compared to bulk lasers. However, for operation in the 1 µm wavelength range of Yb lasers, a major obstacle has been the lack of suitable fibers with anomalous dispersion that can compensate for the normal dispersion of the conventional active and passive fibers used. However, a new promising fiber device using a higher order mode (HOM) with anomalous dispersion in the 1 μm range has recently been demonstrated. The device comprises integrated all fiber mode converters based on long period gratings (LPG), and hence has the potential to be low loss and easy to splice, while offering a large effective area, and the possibility of third order dispersion compensation. In this paper, optimization of HOM fibers with anomalous dispersion in the 1 μm range has been investigated theoretically and experimentally. Fibers with dispersion coefficients ranging from +50 to +300 ps/(nm·km) at 1060 nm have been fabricated and devices including integrated LPG mode converters have been characterized. Modeled and measured properties of the modules, such as dispersion, grating bandwidth etc., are found to correlate well. It is shown that there is a tradeoff between a high dispersion coefficient and the bandwidth of LPG mode converters. The characteristics of such HOM devices have been studied in a linear, passively mode-locked laser-cavity using SESAM as saturable absorber.

Paper Details

Date Published: 25 February 2008
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 6873, Fiber Lasers V: Technology, Systems, and Applications, 68730Q (25 February 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.774964
Show Author Affiliations
Lars Grüner-Nielsen, OFS Fitel Denmark ApS (Denmark)
Siddharth Ramachandran, OFS Labs. (United States)
Kim Jespersen, OFS Fitel Denmark ApS (Denmark)
Samir Ghalmi, OFS Labs. (United States)
Martin Garmund, OFS Fitel Denmark ApS (Denmark)
Bera Pálsdóttir, OFS Fitel Denmark ApS (Denmark)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6873:
Fiber Lasers V: Technology, Systems, and Applications
Jes Broeng; Clifford Headley, Editor(s)

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