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Proceedings Paper

Autonomous navigation algorithm for spacecrafts based on dual quaternion
Author(s): Kezhao Li; Jianping Yuan; Xiaokui Yue; Qun Fang
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Paper Abstract

Celestial Navigation System (CNS), Inertial Navigation System (INS), Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS), such as GPS, GLONASS, GALILEO and Compass etc, and the integrations of them are some methods of autonomous navigation for space. But these methods must be depended on the high speed links of the communications network. Moreover, the precision of CNS is always worse, and can not meet the rigorous requirement of the space activities. INS can not be used for long-term space navigation applications for its errors being accumulated. High accuracy can be met by Carrier Differential Global Positioning System (CDGPS), but it is difficult to calculate the ambiguities of CDGPS. Fortunately, autonomous relative navigation based on machine vision is a direction all over the world currently, and is very suitable for autonomous spacecraft navigation because it has some advantages, such as low-cost, high precision, autonomous ability, easy practicality etc. In this paper, on the basis of the attitude dynamics of spacecrafts and the theory of machine vision, an autonomous relative navigation algorithm for spacecrafts based on dual quaternion and EKF is proposed. The basis transform unit of this algorithm is feature line. Moreover, this algorithm is used to calculate both relative position and attitude organically, and the disadvantages of those algorithms, in which, relative position and attitude must be deal with separately, are overcome. Finally, the simulations show that this algorithm is an accurate valid method for space navigation applications.

Paper Details

Date Published: 10 November 2007
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 6795, Second International Conference on Space Information Technology, 67953K (10 November 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.774862
Show Author Affiliations
Kezhao Li, Northwestern Polytechnical Univ. (China)
Jianping Yuan, Northwestern Polytechnical Univ. (China)
Xiaokui Yue, Northwestern Polytechnical Univ. (China)
Qun Fang, Northwestern Polytechnical Univ. (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6795:
Second International Conference on Space Information Technology
Cheng Wang; Shan Zhong; Jiaolong Wei, Editor(s)

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