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Proceedings Paper

Improved surface parameter retrievals using AIRS/AMSU data
Author(s): Joel Susskind; John Blaisdell
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Paper Abstract

The AIRS Science Team Version 5.0 retrieval algorithm became operational at the Goddard DAAC in July 2007 generating near real-time products from analysis of AIRS/AMSU sounding data. This algorithm contains many significant theoretical advances over the AIRS Science Team Version 4.0 retrieval algorithm used previously. Two very significant developments of Version 5 are: 1) the development and implementation of an improved Radiative Transfer Algorithm (RTA) which allows for accurate treatment of non-Local Thermodynamic Equilibrium (non-LTE) effects on shortwave sounding channels; and 2) the development of methodology to obtain very accurate case by case product error estimates which are in turn used for quality control. These theoretical improvements taken together enabled a new methodology to be developed which further improves soundings in partially cloudy conditions. In this methodology, longwave CO2 channel observations in the spectral region 700 cm-1 to 750 cm-1 are used exclusively for cloud clearing purposes, while shortwave CO2 channels in the spectral region 2195 cm-1 to 2395 cm-1 are used for temperature sounding purposes. This allows for accurate temperature soundings under more difficult cloud conditions. This paper further improves on the methodology used in Version 5 to derive surface skin temperature and surface spectral emissivity from AIRS/AMSU observations. Now, following the approach used to improve tropospheric temperature profiles, surface skin temperature is also derived using only shortwave window channels. This produces improved surface parameters, both day and night, compared to what was obtained in Version 5. These in turn result in improved boundary layer temperatures and retrieved total O3 burden.

Paper Details

Date Published: 5 May 2008
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 6966, Algorithms and Technologies for Multispectral, Hyperspectral, and Ultraspectral Imagery XIV, 696610 (5 May 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.774759
Show Author Affiliations
Joel Susskind, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
John Blaisdell, SAIC, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6966:
Algorithms and Technologies for Multispectral, Hyperspectral, and Ultraspectral Imagery XIV
Sylvia S. Shen; Paul E. Lewis, Editor(s)

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