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Proceedings Paper

CT number variations in micro CT imaging systems
Author(s): Shu-Ju Tu; Hui-Ling Hsieh; Tsi-Chian Chao
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Paper Abstract

CT numbers can be directly computed from the linear attenuation coefficients in the reconstructed CT images and are correlated to the electron densities of the chemical elements with specific atomic numbers. However, the computed CT numbers can be varied when different imaging parameters are used. Phantoms composed of clinically relevant and tissue-equivalent materials (lung, bone, muscle, and adipose) were scanned with a commercial circular-scanning micro CT imager. This imaging system is composed with a micro-focused x-ray tube and charged-coupled device (CCD) camera as the detector. The mean CT numbers and the corresponding standard deviations in terms of Hounsfield units were then computed from a pre-defined region of interest located within the reconstructed volumetric images. The variations of CT number were then identified from a series of imaging parameters. Those parameters include imaging acquisition modes (e.g., the metal filter used in the x-ray tube), reconstruction methods (e.g., Feldkamp and iterative algorithm), and post-image processing techniques (e.g., ring artifact, beam-hardening artifact, and smoothing processing). These variations of CT numbers are useful and important in tissue characterization, quantitative bone structure analysis, bone marrow density evaluation, and Monte Carlo dose calculations for the pilot small animal study when micro CT imaging systems are employed. Also these variations can be used as the quantification for the performance of the micro CT imaging systems.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 March 2008
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 6913, Medical Imaging 2008: Physics of Medical Imaging, 691343 (18 March 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.772160
Show Author Affiliations
Shu-Ju Tu, Chang Gung Univ. (Taiwan)
Hui-Ling Hsieh, Chang Gung Univ. (Taiwan)
Tsi-Chian Chao, Chang Gung Univ. (Taiwan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6913:
Medical Imaging 2008: Physics of Medical Imaging
Jiang Hsieh; Ehsan Samei, Editor(s)

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