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Proceedings Paper

Effects of field of view on human locomotion
Author(s): Alexander Toet; Marieke van der Hoeven; Mirela Kahrimanović; Nico J. Delleman
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Paper Abstract

Field of view (FOV) restrictions are known to impair human performance for a range of different tasks. However, the effects of FOV restrictions on human locomotion through a complex environment are still not clear. This is particularly important for the development and deployment of FOV restricting devices like Head Mounted Displays (HMDs), which generally have FOVs that are much smaller than the unrestricted FOV. We investigated the effects of both horizontal and vertical FOV restrictions on the walking speed and head movements of participants manoeuvring through complex 3D obstacle courses. All FOV restrictions tested significantly increased the time needed to complete the courses, compared to the unrestricted condition. The time needed to traverse a course was significantly longer for a vertical FOV of 18° than for a vertical FOV of 48°. For a fixed vertical FOV size, the traversal time was constant for horizontal FOV sizes ranging between 75° and 180°, and increased significantly for the 30° horizontal FOV condition. The implications of the current findings for the development of devices with FOV restrictions (like HMDs) are discussed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 April 2008
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 6955, Head- and Helmet-Mounted Displays XIII: Design and Applications, 69550H (14 April 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.771950
Show Author Affiliations
Alexander Toet, TNO Human Factors (Netherlands)
Marieke van der Hoeven, TNO Human Factors (Netherlands)
Mirela Kahrimanović, TNO Human Factors (Netherlands)
Nico J. Delleman, TNO Human Factors (Netherlands)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6955:
Head- and Helmet-Mounted Displays XIII: Design and Applications
Randall W. Brown; Peter L. Marasco; Thomas H. Harding; Sion A. Jennings, Editor(s)

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