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Proceedings Paper

Multiphoton tomography for tissue engineering
Author(s): Karsten König
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Paper Abstract

Femtosecond laser multiphoton tomography has been employed in the field of tissue engineering to perform 3D high-resolution imaging of the extracellular matrix proteins elastin and collagen as well as of living cells without any fixation, slicing, and staining. Near infrared 80 MHz picojoule femtosecond laser pulses are able to excite the endogenous fluorophores NAD(P)H, flavoproteins, melanin, and elastin via a non-resonant two-photon excitation process. In addition, collagen can be imaged by second harmonic generation. Using a two-PMT detection system, the ratio of elastin to collagen was determined during optical sectioning. A high submicron spatial resolution and 50 picosecond temporal resolution was achieved using galvoscan mirrors and piezodriven focusing optics as well as a time-correlated single photon counting module with a fast microchannel plate detector and fast photomultipliers. Multiphoton tomography has been used to optimize the tissue engineering of heart valves and vessels in bioincubators as well as to characterize artificial skin. Stem cell characterization and manipulation are of major interest for the field of tissue engineering. Using the novel sub-20 femtosecond multiphoton nanoprocessing laser microscope FemtOgene, the differentiation of human stem cells within spheroids has been in vivo monitored with submicron resolution. In addition, the efficient targeted transfection has been demonstrated. Clinical studies on the interaction of tissue-engineered products with the natural tissue environment can be performed with in vivo multiphoton tomograph DermaInspect.

Paper Details

Date Published: 6 February 2008
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 6858, Optics in Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine II, 68580C (6 February 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.771187
Show Author Affiliations
Karsten König, JenLab GmbH (Germany)
Univ. of the Saarland (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6858:
Optics in Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine II
Sean J. Kirkpatrick; Ruikang K. Wang, Editor(s)

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