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Proceedings Paper

Adaptive spatial compounding for improving ultrasound images of the epidural space on human subjects
Author(s): Denis Tran; King-Wei Hor; Allaudin Kamani; Vickie Lessoway; Robert N. Rohling
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Paper Abstract

Administering epidural anesthesia can be a difficult procedure, especially for inexperienced physicians. The use of ultrasound imaging can help by showing the location of the key surrounding structures: the ligamentum flavum and the lamina of the vertebrae. The anatomical depiction of the interface between ligamentum flavum and epidural space is currently limited by speckle and anisotropic reflection. Previous work on phantoms showed that adaptive spatial compounding with non-rigid registration can improve the depiction of these features. This paper describes the development of an updated compounding algorithm and results from a clinical study. Average-based compounding may obscure anisotropic reflectors that only appear at certain beam angles, so a new median-based compounding technique is developed. In order to reduce the computational cost of the registration process, a linear prediction algorithm is used to reduce the search space for registration. The algorithms are tested on 20 human subjects. Comparisons are made among the reference image plus combinations of different compounding methods, warping and linear prediction. The gradient of the bone surfaces, the Laplacian of the ligamentum flavum, and the SNR and CNR are used to quantitatively assess the visibility of the features in the processed images. The results show a significant improvement in quality when median-based compounding with warping is used to align the set of beam-steered images and combine them. The improvement of the features makes detection of the epidural space easier.

Paper Details

Date Published: 10 March 2008
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 6920, Medical Imaging 2008: Ultrasonic Imaging and Signal Processing, 69200I (10 March 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.769216
Show Author Affiliations
Denis Tran, Univ. of British Columbia (Canada)
King-Wei Hor, Univ. of British Columbia (Canada)
Allaudin Kamani, Univ. of British Columbia (Canada)
Vickie Lessoway, BC Women's Hospital and Health Ctr. (Canada)
Robert N. Rohling, Univ. of British Columbia (Canada)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6920:
Medical Imaging 2008: Ultrasonic Imaging and Signal Processing
Stephen A. McAleavey; Jan D'hooge, Editor(s)

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