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Proceedings Paper

Robust vessel segmentation
Author(s): Susanne Bock; Caroline Kühnel; Tobias Boskamp; Heinz-Otto Peitgen
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Paper Abstract

In the context of cardiac applications, the primary goal of coronary vessel analysis often consists in supporting the diagnosis of vessel wall anomalies, such as coronary plaque and stenosis. Therefore, a fast and robust segmentation of the coronary tree is a very important but challenging task. We propose a new approach for coronary artery segmentation. Our method is based on an earlier proposed progressive region growing. A new growth front monitoring technique controls the segmentation and corrects local leakage by retrospective detection and removal of leakage artifacts. While progressively reducing the region growing threshold for the whole image, the growing process is locally analyzed using criteria based on the assumption of tubular, gradually narrowing vessels. If a voxel volume limit or a certain shape constraint is exceeded, the growing process is interrupted. Voxels affected by a failed segmentation are detected and deleted from the result. To avoid further processing at these positions, a large neighborhood is blocked for growing. Compared to a global region growing without local correction, our new local growth control and the adapted correction can deal with contrast decrease even in very small coronary arteries. Furthermore, our algorithm can efficiently handle noise artifacts and partial volume effects near the myocardium. The enhanced segmentation of more distal vessel parts was tested on 150 CT datasets. Furthermore, a comparison between the pure progressive region growing and our new approach was conducted.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 March 2008
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 6915, Medical Imaging 2008: Computer-Aided Diagnosis, 691539 (17 March 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.768555
Show Author Affiliations
Susanne Bock, MeVis Research (Germany)
Caroline Kühnel, MeVis Research (Germany)
Tobias Boskamp, MeVis Research (Germany)
Heinz-Otto Peitgen, MeVis Research (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6915:
Medical Imaging 2008: Computer-Aided Diagnosis
Maryellen L. Giger; Nico Karssemeijer, Editor(s)

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